International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS)

Journal of International Society of
Life Information Science (ISLIS)

Vol.30, No.1, March 2012

Abstract


[Preface]

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.2)

Masayuki OHKADO
ISLIS Managing Director,Chubu University, Graduate School of Global Humanics
Faculty of General Education, Japan
Abstract:
The Oxford English Dictionary, which is regarded as the most authoritative English dictionary, cites as the first occurrence of the term ginterdisciplinaryh a 1937 example from the Journal of Educational Sociology. This reflects the fact that the necessity of ginterdisciplinaryh studies came to be widely discussed in the 20th century. The motivation for promoting such studies mainly arose from the following shared convictions: First, traditional disciplines were not capable of or unenthusiastic about dealing with important problems; Second, they were excessively specialized to the effect that they were often bringing more harm than good. In the 21st century, the need for interdisciplinary studies has been becoming greater and greater.
The International Society of Life Information Science, which was established in 1995 to meet the growing need for promoting scientific inquiry for analyzing phenomena that cannot be explained nor understood in the conventional, twentieth century paradigm, has been providing invaluable opportunities for interdisciplinary discussion and corroboration among researchers from varieties of academic fields.
The articles and essays in this volume, just as those in other volumes, fully reflect the interdisciplinary as well as pioneering nature of the Society. Of particular note is that the central concern of many of the articles in the present volume is mental and physical well-being. This might reflect the current mood of the hosting nation, where the aftermath of the March 11, 2011 earthquake, which also forced us to cancel our 31st symposium last year, is still evident in many places and people are even more desperately searching for the meaning of life.
I hope that the present volume will, however indirectly and in whatever form, contribute to the nationfs recovery from the disastrous effects of the earthquake, providing, for instance, some useful information concerning the spiritual nature of our existence and possible ways to let our soul shine.


[Original Research Papers] Peer-Reviewed

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.5)

Examination of Retroactive Effects in a Field RNG Experiment Using Prerecorded Files
Takeshi SHIMIZU and Masato ISHIKAWA
School of Information and Communication, Meiji University
Abstract:
We conducted a random event generator/random number generator (REG/RNG) field experiment to test the retroactive effects of field consciousness and unintentional psychokinesis (PK) on targets consisting of prerecorded physical random numbers. An experimenter entered ballparks during eight Japanese professional baseball games. Multiple prerecorded random number targets were presented to a notebook PC monitor, and true random numbers were also generated in real time. Unexpectedly, we found no retroactive effects on the target random numbers, and no statistical biases were evident under the real-time generated condition. Future tasks related to field consciousness are discussed..
Keywords:
baseball stadium, emotion, Rpg105, Rpg102


(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.17)

Field RNG Experiments Using Short Movies: An Examination of the Focused-attention and Emotion Hypotheses
Takeshi SHIMIZU and Masato ISHIKAWA
School of Information and Communication, Meiji University
Abstract:
To examine MMI (mind?matter interaction), a field experiment using a random number/event generator (RNG/REG) is methodologically well structured, and the outputs of RNG are often found to be biased when field consciousness is evoked strongly during some events. This study was designed and conducted to compare the validity of hypotheses based on focused attention and on group emotion to explain this anomalistic phenomenon. In the experiment, the top three short films evaluated as stimulating, from 10 candidates, were selected as experimental stimuli, defined operationally as interesting, sad, and humorous. The lowest rated short movie was used as a control condition, a non-emotional stimulus. A total of six groups (total n = 230) participated in the field RNG experiment. Results revealed that the total chi-squared statistics were significant for the experimental condition (three short films), although the results for each of the three emotions were not significant. In contrast, the total chi-squared became non-significant when all the output, including the control condition, was calculated. These results appear to support the emotion hypothesis. Stouffer?s z-scores showed no statistical biases. No emotion-specific biases became clear in the RNG outputs. Finally, some future research issues are discussed.
Keywords:
MMI, emotion, Field RNG/REG, PK.


[Lecture of the Organizer of the Symposium]

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.34)

Differences between the East and the West\ In Mentality, Philosophy, Religion, Science and Environmental Problems
Kiminori ITOH
Chairperson of the Organization Committee of the Symposium, Vice President of ISLIS
Graduate School of Environment and Information Sciences, Yokohama National University
Abstract:
Recent studies in social psychology have revealed large differences between the East and the West in recognizing ambience. R.E. Nisbett writes in The Geography of Thought as follows: gThe Western eyeshot is like a telescopic lens, while the Eastern one a wide-angle lens.h These differences appear to originate from the cultures of ancient Greece and ancient China, and can be observed in various situations. The Western recognition characterized as gseparating, analytical, and idealistich has generated ideas such as the Holy Trinity, individualism, and human-centered environmentalism, and that has resulted in various conflicts including environmental problems. The Eastern recognition characterized as gunifying, synthetic, and realistich may be able to solve these problems. We consider examples such as the global warming issue and the solar wind-climate correlation and look at the differences between the East and West in dealing with them.
Keywords:
the East, the West, mentality, philosophy, religion, science, environmental problems


[President Lecture]

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.35)

Anti-Copernican Turn: gSelf and Othersh as an gAnomaly in This Universeh
Tsuneo WATANABE
President of International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS )
Professor, Department of Environmental Science, Toho University
Abstract:
In modern science, gscientifich means gobjective.h However, the objective observation, in other words, the public and repeatable one, is nothing but the observation by anonymous observers. Therefore, a person in the scientific world constructed by anonymous observers is, neither gIh nor gyouh, but gsomeone anonymous.h That is why the existence of gself and othersh is unexpectedly experienced, with a sense of wonder, as an ganomaly in this universe.h In this lecture, illustrations of several cases among famous scientists of this kind of experience with a sense of wonder are presented which are drawn from a book I wrote. Analysis of these experiences led me to the discovery of a gharder problem of consciousness.h I conclude the lecture with a re-construction of this universe starting from the solipsistic world, that is, the gmonad,h in which the gself-others structureh is central.
Keywords:
public and repeatable observation, anonymous world, harder problem of consciousness, solipsism, gmonadh

[Report of the Chairman of Board of Directors]

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.36)

Review of 16 and a Half Years of Progress for the International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS )
and the Promotion of gHuman Potential Scienceh
Mikio YAMAMOTO
Chairman of the Board of Directors & Editor-in-Chief,International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS )1
Chairman of the Board of Directors, International Research Institute (IRI )2
Visiting Professor, Toho University
Abstract:
Sixteen and a half years of activities of the International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS) and the promotion of gHuman Potential Scienceh are reviewed since the Societyfs Foundation. ISLIS has sought and continues to seek the realization of the paradigm shift from material-oriented science and technology to a new paradigm including the consciousness, spirit and mind through research based on empirical and positive scientific methodologies, and consequently, to promote the development of health, social welfare, and education as well as social and personal peace of mind, and to contribute to the making of a peaceful world, at one with nature. Since the foundation of ISLIS in 1995, 31 symposia have been held and issues of The Journal of ISLIS have been published regularly twice a year. ISLIS held the gHuman Potential Science International Forumh in Chiba, Japan in 2002 and the gInternational Conference on Mind Body Scienceh in Seoul, Korea in 2004 and the 7th Psi Meeting was held in August 2011 co-sponsored by ISLIS and the Facludades Integradas eEspiritaf (Curitiba, Brazil). ISLIS published the book Human Potential Science in 2004. ISLIS has a worldwide presence with 11 International Information Centers and about 270 members in 15 countries.
Keywords:
nternational Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS), Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, publication of a book, human potential science, mind body,
parapsychology, qigong, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), integrative medicine

[Research Papers] Wthout Peer-Review

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.41)
Fluorescence Measurement Method for Non-contact Healing Power

Hideyuki KOKUBO1,21 and Mikio YAMAMOTO1

1 Institute for Living Body Measurements, International Research Institute
2 Institute for Informatics of Consciousness, Meiji University

Abstract:
Since 2006, we have been working to develop new measuring methods for non-contact healing power, and have succeeded in constructing a biophoton measurement method and a gas measurement method using cucumber pieces as bio-sensors; the former measures biophotons emitted from cucumber pieces and the latter measures odor generated from them. This paper shows a third method to measure fluorescent material which is produced on the cut surfaces of the cucumber pieces. After gas measurements of cucumber pieces, we measured intensities of fluorescence emitted from the cut surfaces of cucumber pieces using band pass filters. There was a significant difference in fluorescence J values in the 562nm band between healing and blank tests (p = 0.005, two-tails, t-test, n = 32). Also, fluorescence J values correlated negatively with gas J values only in healing tests. In both biophoton and gas methods, we found it was difficult to detect healing effects if in winter because winter cucumber fruits were not reactive. However, the fluorescence measurement method was considered useful even for winter cucumbers.

Keywords:
bio-sensor, Cucumis sativus ewhite spine typef, fluorescence, non-contact healing, gas measurement method, J value

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.49)
Developing a new measure of health degree based on Mokichi Okadafs dynamic view of health and changes in the health degree by continuous practice of the Okada Health & Wellness Program

Yasutami TSUDA1, Mitsuhiro IZUMI2, Toyoaki YASUDA2, Atsushi FUJII2 and Kohei NAKAJIMA2

1 MOA Health Science Foundation
2 MOA International Support Center, Purifying Therapy Promotion and Research Team

Abstract:
We are developing a new measure of health degree based on Mokichi Okadafs view of health. We created a 6-rank standard rubber phantom of stiffness to study the changes in health degree. Then we measured the changes in subjects who did continuous practice of the Okada Health and Wellness Program and compared those results with the changes of quality of life and spirituality.

Keywords:
view of health, stiffness, health degree, Okada health and wellness program

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.55)
The Easy Mastering Method of External Qi-gong by Using Medical Yoga

Kazuya HASHIMOTO
Director, Medical corporation Syunhoukai, Hashimoto Internal Medicine Surgery Clinic
Abstract:
At the authorfs clinic, patients are instructed on body movement( medical yoga) which uses traditional yoga for the purposes of improving blood and lymph fluid flows, and correcting the spinal cord for patient's functional maintenance and conditional improvement. The possibility of mastering external Qi-gong by using medical yoga was examined and the findings are reported here. Eight patient cases were examined in which they performed medical yoga. Skin surface temperature changed. The stability of the arms and the posture increased when patients became conscious of the Qi passing through them and they recognized the feeling of Qi. The BP level obtained by AMI measurements increased. And the patients who received Qi from the examiner also recognized the feeling of Qi. From these data, it was thought that performing medical yoga even 1 time made it possible to master external Qi- gong.

Keywords:
medical yoga, external Qi-gong, easy mastering method

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.61)
Chaotic Analysis of Biological Reactions Originating from Various Stimuli

Yoshinori ADACHI
College of Business Administration and Information Science, Chubu University
Abstract:
Human beings are always exposed to various stimuli, and they receive various stresses from them. The stresses influence working of the autonomic nervous system and long-term stresses can become a sickness trigger. In this research, changes in working of the autonomic nervous system caused by several kinds of mental workloads and physical exercises were measured from the heartbeat rate, LF/HF, chaos indices, etc. By analyzing those values, working of the parasympathetic nervous system was estimated as an index of the relaxation level. Furthermore, the working features of the parasympathetic nervous system were examined by wavelet analysis. It was seen that doing a favorite activity did not necessarily lead a person to relaxation; strolling outdoors, doing Zen meditation, and listening to classical music were found to be suitable for relaxation.
Keywords:
stimulation, stress, LF/HF, chaotic analysis, wavelet analysis

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.70)
Physiological Changes During Various Healing Methods

Kimiko KAWANO
Institute for Living Body Measurements, International Research Institute
Abstract:
For a long time the author has been investigating some characteristic statuses of the brain using EEG analyses while practicing various relaxation methods. Under a steady experimental condition, it is possible to evaluate the relaxed state based on the amplitude of EEG waves. However, the waves do not always increase for each relaxation method. Meanwhile, healing methods, which are not mere relaxation, are expected to offer further positive curing effects. What kind of physiological indicators should be used to estimate the effects? The author tried to carry out various physiological measurements, referring to mental and physical stress degrees, and also recovery degrees from the stress. In this presentation, physiological changes during practice of various healing methods and those evaluations will be discussed, mainly using EEG data, but with some additional data from ECG, respiration and electro-dermal activity.

Keywords:
relaxation, healing, EEG, ? wave, ECG, respiration, EDA, autonomic nerve, LF/HF

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.59)
Effect of Anterograde Abdominal Breathing Method on Heart Rate Variability, Arrhythmia and Autonomic Nerve
Using Pulse analysis

Zeng HONG1 and Norimichi KAWASHIMA2
1 Obitsu Sankei Hospital Educational Training Institute, Cell Breathing for Curing Diseases, South Branch IbarakiPrefecture
2 Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Toin University of Yokohama
Abstract:
We applied this breathing method to 24 patients and studied the effect of the anterograde abdominal breathing method on heart rate variability, arrhythmia and the autonomic nerve using pulse analysis. The subjects were 24 patients (two males and 22 females). Arrhythmia observed in seven patients in Group A was decreased or cured after the breathing method. HRV, SDNN and LF/HF became normal after the breathing method. A significant difference was observed before and after the breathing method. The anterograde abdominal breathing method was observed to have an activating effect on HRV and a decreasing or curing effect on arrhythmia.

Keywords:
anterograde abdominal breathing method, heart rate variability, arrhythmia, autonomic nerve, pulse analysis

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.79)
The Main Function of Food Intake is to Reduce Stress

Shuichi HASHIZUME
Idea-Creating Lab
Abstract:
A strong correlation was observed between sales figures of various food products and their stress-reducing capacities. The latter were measured by salivary chromogranin A levels, which are controlled by the involuntary sympathetic nervous system. These data indicate that we buy foods based on subconscious impulses and that products with higher stress-reducing capacities have higher sales figures than those with lower stress-reducing capacities. This study also indicated that hit products can be created by developing products with high stress-reducing capacities. Food has primary (nutritional function), secondary (sensory function), and tertiary (physiological function) functions. The primary function is strongly associated with stress because malnutrition stresses the human body and its cells. The secondary function is also strongly associated with stress because likes and dislikes are considered to be connected with pleasure (low stress) and displeasure (high stress), respectively. The main and most important tertiary function is considered to be prevention of diseases, which are triggered and caused by stress. Stress is a keyword in each of these 3 functions, and we propose that the main function of ingesting food is to reduce stress. In future, various foods with high stress-reducing capacities, which are controlled by the involuntary sympathetic nervous system, will be developed to prevent many diseases.

Keywords:
chromogranin A, psychosomatic stress, stress-reducing capacities, sales figures, hit products

[Mini Symposium] Life, Death, Philosophy, and the Health - Perspectives toward Spirituality
(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.84)
Spirituality and the Level of Happines
Masayuki OHKADO
Chubu University
Abstract:
Various studies in such fields as positive psychology, psychosomatic medicine, and medical sociology have increasingly shown that how persons looks at the world around them and how they look at their life greatly affect their mental as well as physical health. In this study, the results of the multinational surveys of peoplefs religious beliefs conducted by the International Social Survey Programme are the relationship between the level of happiness persons feel and their beliefs concerning the spiritual notion of the gsurvival of consciousness after deathh is considered.

Keywords:
spirituality, level of happiness, life after death, religious belief, paranormal phenomena

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.88)
Around the Philosophy of Godai

Satoshi OKAMOTO
Chubu University
Abstract:
The term godai (go gfiveh + dai gelementsh = gthe five elementsh) refers to the four essential elements composing the universe, chi gearth,h sui gwater,h ka gfire,h fu gwind,h plus ku gvoid.h Dai is a translation of the original Sanskrit meaning gelementsh and there was a view of life and death called Shitai (shi gfourh + dai gelementsh), in which the notion of ku gvoidh played a central role. In the presentation last year, I considered how the philosophy of godai was incorporated in Japanese classical literature, as represented by Matsuo Basho. In this study, I will examine Isemonogatari, Kokindenju, Sasamegoto and other literary works which were not dealt with in the presentation last year and show how they are related to works written by modern-day Buddhists such as Thich Nhat Hanh. As touched on in the previous presentation, through a radioactive isotope analysis, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory revealed that 98 percent of atoms composing the biological body is replaced within a year, which seems to be in accord with the notion of godai, in which shitai or four elements are supposed to circulate around ku gvoid.h In this presentation I will examine how the philosophy of godai is treated both in Japanese classical literature and modern Buddhism.
Keywords:
five elements, reincarnation hypothesis, Japanese classical, literature, Buddhism, quantum mechanics

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.94)
Scientific Researches about the Impact of Spirituality on Health

Yoshihiko SUGIOKA
Asahikawa Medical University
Abstract:
In the past, before the development of modern science, religion and medicine had a very close association. These days many scientific research studies are being conducted about the impact of religion or spirituality on health. This includes the relationship between regular church attendance and longevity, and the relation between religiosity and recovery from depression or heart diseases. In this article, the author will summarize these studies and consider the possible mechanisms underlying the impact. Moreover, the author reflects on the value of the scientific method and its limitations to clarify the problems researchers have to address in this field.
Keywords:
spirituality, medicine and religion, scientific research, view of human, dimensional anthropology

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.106)
A study of Death Education for children in the home

Kazue HAYASHI
College of Life and Health Science, Chubu University
Abstract:
The concept of Death Education was introduced to Japan more than 20 years ago. Many teachers and researchers have reported on studies about the educational effectiveness and educational content of Death Education in the school, but it is rare to report about Death Education in the home. However, thinking about the role of the family in childrenfs growth and development, the development of Death Education in the home is an important subject. In this paper, we present some of our research about Death Education of mothers and their awareness of Death Education. Furthermore, we report on grief care for children in the home, using data gathered through the interview of mothers.
Keywords:
Death Education, Education in the home, childrenfs concepts of death, Grief care

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.112)
Comparison of the in-the-Womb Memory Prevalence Ratio Based on the Results of Investigations

Akira IKEGAWA
Ikegawa Clinic
Abstract:
A questionnaire survey to the guardians registered at a 3601-student nursery school between 2002 and 2003 was conducted.
According to the 1st investigations, the result of the ratio of the in-the-womb memory possessed by the guardian and the kindergartner were 1.1% and 33.0%, respectively.
The results were compared to those of 12 other similar investigations.
The 12 investigations consisted of questionnaires which were distributed at 5 lectures, 4 internet sites and 3 student, mother groups.
The comparison could not be identical since these investigations varied in method and target population.
The rate of the reported in-the-womb memory possession was 12.2 to 69.3% (mostly 20%) for ages up to 6, 4.1 to 9.0% for primary school ages, 0 to 3.4% for junior high school ages, 3.0% for high school ages and 0.6% for adult ages.
Future investigation based on more consistent methods will be necessary to firmly established the above results

[Mini Symposium] Activation of the Anterior Prefrontal Cortex and Serotonergic System by Doing a Pedaling
(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.113)
Activation of the Anterior Prefrontal Cortex and Serotonergic System by Doing a Pedaling Exercise and Zen Meditation
Hideho ARITA
Department of Physiology, Toho University School of Medicine
Abstract:
Results of our previous studies on doing a pedaling exercise (PE) and Zen meditation (ZM) indicated a possible involvement of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and serotonergic (5-HT) system in EEG and psychiatric changes during and after PE or ZM. In the present study, subjects performed PE for 15 min using a cycle ergometer. ZM was defined as focused attention on breathing movements in the lower abdomen (Tanden). As for EEG changes, we found a significant increase in the relative powers of the high-frequency alpha band (10-13 Hz) during and after PE or ZM. Subjects had a feeling of reduced negative mood accompanied by a tendency of increased vigor after PE or ZM, as assessed by the Profile of Mood States (POMS) questionnaire. Cerebral oxygenation in the PFC was assessed by concentration changes in oxygenated hemoglobin (oxyHb) using 24-channel near-infrared spectroscopy. We found that PE and ZM evoked a significant increase in oxyHb levels in the anterior PFC during PE and ZM as compared with the dorsal PFC. A significant increase in whole blood 5-HT level was obtained after PE and ZM. These results suggest that activation of the anterior PFC and 5-HT system may be responsible for EEG changes and the improvement of negative mood observed during PE and ZM.

Keywords:
serotonin, prefrontal cortex, EEG, Zen meditation, exercise

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.114)
Spontaneous Happiness and the Power of Sound Considered in Relation to the Serotonin Neuron

Keiichiro KITA1 and Hideho ARITA 2
1 The Society for Sound Healing
2 Department of Physiology, Toho University Scholl of Medicine
Abstract:
Depression is a disease that has spread throughout modern society (a 2008 survey reported that approximately 120 million people worldwide suffer from depression). Persons with the disease are prone to feelings of anxiety. One cause of depression is thought to be an insufficient amount of serotonin in the body. We measured the concentration of serotonin in the blood before, immediately after, and 30 minutes after application of sonic vibration energy to determine if a change in serotonin concentration occurred. Results showed a change in the concentration of serotonin in the blood: average values (n7) were 200.01ng/mL before, 191.13ng/mL immediately after, and 204.47ng/mL 30 minutes after application of sonic vibration energy. In contrast to the view of modern humans that they become happy as a result of acquiring things that exist outside of themselves, our experiment results suggest the unexplored possibility that sonic vibration may be useful as a method of producing spontaneous happiness from within.
Keywords:
Spontaneous Healing, Serotonin Neuron, Sonic Vibration, Sound Healing

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.115)
The Effect of Hula Dancing on Physical and Mental Conditions

Kumiko HARA1 and Hideho ARITA 2
1 Junkanki Nakachou Clinic
2 Department of Physiology, Toho University Scholl of Medicine
Abstract:
Hula dancing is a traditional Hawaiian art form, and a lot of people in Japan enjoy hula dancing. We thought that it might be a useful fitness exercise for elder people, and we examined the effect of hula dancing on physical and mental conditions. Thirty-three women (mean age 55.2 years,) joined a hula class held at our clinic and took lessons of 2-4 hours per week for 2 years. The results of medical and fitness tests showed that hula dancing built up their muscular strength and reduced their visceral fat. And in the results of the Profile of Mood States (POMS), all the scores for TA, D, AH, V, F and C were improved by dancing for one hour. We thought that the mental effect on POMS might be derived by activating the serotonergic system.
Keywords:
hula dancing, muscular strength, visceral fat, POMS, serotonergic system

[Mini Symposium] Practices of Transcendental Joy of Giving in "MORININARU" (Afforested Burial)"
(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.116)
The Effects of Practicing Altruistic Behavior and Awareness for Self-Transcendence through MORININARU Movement
Manami OZAKI
Department of Humanistic Psychology, Sagami Womenfs University
Abstract:
The purpose of this symposium is to describe how the MORININARU movement, which is an anonymous movement to facilitate planting trees to replace tombstones, contributes to onefs self-transcending awareness. Kono starts by explaining the background and the overview of the MORINNARU movement, then Koda talks about the meaning of MORININARU from the inpersonal perspective. Next a social psychologist Onodera discusses the issues on gratitude and altruistic behavior. Finally I will describe the meaning of the MORININARU movement as an emergence of spirituality in the context of positive psychology. The MORNINARU movement gives not only useful meaning on environment and death, but also promotes onefs positive emotions and life satisfactions, and contributes to onefs ultimate happiness as a meaningful life or in other words geudemoniah. I will explain how the possibility of the payback behavior beyond individuals promotes universal altruism based on the broad-and-build-theory of positive psychology

Keywords:
spirituality, integral, happiness, eudemonia, broad and build theory, altruistic behavior, self-transcendence

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.117)
MORININARU\The Art of Awareness

Shukai KONO
Buddhist Monk (Jodo-Sect). Japan Yoga-Therapy Society
Abstract:
The MORININARU Movement proposes planting trees instead of tombstones as memorials, to sustain the global environment for our descendants. This movement is expected to present concrete measures against environmental damage, and attempts help members and the wider community to regain connection with each other and the earth. It offers an alternative community to replace traditional ties to the land and through blood, diminished or lost after World War II. Also, it can be described as a spiritual movement, imparting a new framework for individual consciousness and religious thought, through its practices. MORININARU is also a practical philosophy seeking a new synthesis beyond the binary opposition of dualism. That is, it is an attempt to integrate ancient Eastern and modern Western ways of being. It offers a synthesis of the Western way of being, characterized by putting human beings at the top of a command and control hierarchy over nature seen in terms of resources, and the ancient oriental way of being, which is to worship heaven and earth and be subject to nature. For the individual leaving this life, that passing away itself becomes the opportunity to create a beautiful harmony with the natural environment. Thus, the MORININARU movement will not only promote the practice of peaceful coexistence with nature, but can be expected to promote self-awareness and self-transcendence, to inspire a spirit of altruism, and a virtuous way of life.
Keywords:
MORININARU, Spiritual Movement, Nature, Practical Philosophy, Afforested Burial

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.118)
Afforested Burial as a Practice of the Impersonal Approach

Retsu KODA
Department of Humanistic Psychology, Sagami Womenfs University
Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to examine the usefulness of the anonymous afforested burial for gMORININARUh movement based on philosophical principles. The paper introduces an impersonal approach as the meta-theory. First, the four quadrants theory by Wilber and the interest-correlative approach by Saijo, which are included in the meta-theory are described. Wilber identifies four perspectives valid for any phenomena: the subjective (interior) and objective (exterior) views of individual phenomena, and the subjective and objective views for a plurality of phenomena. The interest-correlative approach in structural constructivism can be chosen depending on the interest and purpose of the researchers and users. Second, a theoretical model of activity of afforested burial which applies the impersonal approach is suggested. It is expected the people will work in collaboration using the meta-theory in the gMORININARUh movement.
Keywords:
Impersonal Approach, Integral theory, Four Quadrants, Structural constructivism, interest-correlative approach

(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.123)
Examining the Effects of Evocation of Gratitude Experiences

Tetsuo ONODERA
Fukushima Municipal Learning Center Foundation
Abstract:
The purposes of this study are to examine the effects of evocation of gratitude experiences by the Thank-you (Gratitude) Question on mood state and causal attribution; and to explore whether or not (a feeling of) gratitude can promote the MORININARU movement. In this study, the author developed the Thank-you Question which is designed to awaken a gratitude experience. The subjects were 326 healthy college students. The experimental method was a Likert type questionnaire method. The composition of the questionnaire was as follows. First, subjects answered the POMS and then read a short vignette 1 and answered the attribution items. After getting the experimental stimuli (one of the three conditions: the Thank-you Question, Pet Question, and control group), subjects read an experimentally controlled short vignette 2 and then answered the POMS and attribution items again. As a result, the Thank-you Question group had a significantly increased positive mood (Positivity) and a decreased negative mood. In a 2001 report, McCullough and coauthors have conceptualized Gratitude as a moral affect that motivates the grateful person to behave prosocially toward the benefactor and other people. In fact, a lot of empirical studies have demonstrated that gratitude prompts individuals to behave prosocially. Therefore increasing (a feeling of) gratitude (Inclusive Positivity) via evoking gratitude experiences may facilitate an individual's altruistic behavior not only to other people but possibly things around them such as the global environment, Mother Nature, and the MORININARU movement etc.
Keywords:
Thank-you (Gratitude) Question, altruistic behavior, theory of positive emotions, causal attribution

[Presentation and Workshop]
(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.124)
Exploring Novel Medical Treatments(3)
Gynecological Disorders: A Novel Approach from the Perspective of Oriental Medicine
Shigeru TAKENAKA
Shinkawa-Shinkyu-Seikotsuin
The uterus, ovaries, and vagina are connected to the lymphatic trunk. Lymph glands and nodes are detoxification units, and their detoxification abilities are reduced if they became blocked. In addition to the uterus, ovaries, and internal organs, visceral lymph glands can also become enlarged, swollen, indurated, suppurative, and extremely tender. These symptoms can manifest in conditions such as uterine fibroids, uterine cancer, cervical cancer, and ovarian endometrial cysts. Treatment focusing on the lymphatic trunk, lymph nodes, and visceral lymph glands can result in healing without surgery.

[Report]
(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.125)
How do Radioactive Materials Move? - Investigation of Radioactive Contamination in the Abukuma River Water System -
Hidetsugu KATSURAGAWA
Center for the Environmental Study of Life and Mind, Faculty of Science, Toho University
Abstract:
Where will the radioactive materials which have been released by the accident of March 2011 at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant and deposited in the mountains and forests move to?
We followed the Abukuma River from its head and collected samples of soil and river water for which we measured radiocesium concentrations.
If radiocesium moves from mountain and forest areas in rain, snow and eroded soil into the river, the radiocesium may be deposited in new places and may create new radiation hotspots. It is important to know the possible routes radiocesium may be moving on. Furthermore, decontaminating the polluted river may be a concern.
We report on our investigation of radioactive contamination in the basin of Abukuma River and its branches, including how much radiocesium is flowing through the river and where it goes to.

Keywords:
nuclear power plant, radioactive material, radioactive contamination, hotspots, Abukuma River

[Report]
(J. Intl. Soc. life Info. Sci. Vol.30, No.1, p.126)
Report on 7th Psi Meeting (Co-sponsored by ISLIS) and Research Trends for Anomalous Phenomena in Early 21st Century
Hideyuki KOKUBO
Executive Editor & Managing Director, ISLIS
Research Director, International Research Institutelty of Science
Abstract:
The 7th Psi Meeting: Psi Research and Anomalistic Psychology was held in August 2011 in Curitiba, Brazil, co-sponsored by ISLIS and the Facludades Integradas 'Espirita'. The meeting was an international conference in South America, and the 54th Annual Convention of the Parapsychological Association and the 6th Journey of Altered States of Consciousness were held simultaneously. In the present report, the author gives a brief summary of the 7the Psi Meeting and research trends in the early 21st century including the topics: 1) advancement of anomalistic psychology; 2) world impact of presentiment experiments; and 3) growth of healing studies.

Keywords:
research trend, anomalistic psychology, presentiment, precognition, healing study, parapsychology

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