International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS)

Journal of International Society of
Life Information Science (ISLIS)

Vol.21, No.2, September 2003
ISSN 1341-9226


[Original Research Paper]


Change of Hemoglobin Concentration of Cerebral Cortex and Respiration Frequency during Qi-emission Task

Weizhong CHEN1,2,3, Tong ZHANG3, Fengtong WANG3, Hideyuki KOKUBO3 and Mikio YAMAMOTO2,1,3

1. Diversity and Fractal Science, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Chiba University (Chiba, Japan)
2. National Institute of Radiological Sciences (Chiba, Japan)
3. International Research Institute (Tokyo, Japan)

(Received on June 23, 2003, Final Revised and Accepted on August 4, 2003)

Hemoglobin concentration change of cerebral cortex during Qigong has been studied by the relatively new technique multi-channel near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). We measured concentration change for six Qigong experts and twelve normal controllers using NIRS instruments from two makers. We analyzed the left frontal area (Fp1) and found the oxygenated hemoglobin and total hemoglobin concentrations of cerebral cortex during Qi-emission task were of two types, compared to the control task. Both concentrations had statistically significant increase (p<0.01) for three Qigong experts and decrease (p<0.01, both concentrations) forthree others. Moreover, there was statistical significance (p<0.01, both concentrations) between Qigong experts and normal controllers. These results agreed with results of a previous report that observed and analyzed the right frontal area (Fp2). One Qigong expert also showed a strong correlation (r=0.94) between oxygenated hemoglobin concentration change and respiration frequency during a Qi-emission task. The specialized breath control could influence blood volume of the cerebral cortex.

near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), cerebral cortex, hemoglobin concentration, respiration frequency, LF/HF ratio, Qigong, Qi-emission

[Proceedings of Sixteenth Symposium of Life Information Science]

without peer-review


These abstracts of the articles in the Symposium Proceedings are preliminary reports and they are printed as provided by the authors who have full responsibility for their contents, which have not been edited by the editors of the Journal.

[Report 1]

Report on the 46th Annual Convention of the Parapsychological Association and Institutes in San Francisco

Hideyuki KOKUBO
Information Center, International Research Institute (Chiba, Japan)

The author attended the 46th Annual Convention of the Parapsychological Association (PA) form August 1st to 4th, 2003. It was held at Metropolitan Hotel in Vancouver, Canada PA is an academic society focused on psi chiefly among various interesting phenomena such as hypnosis, meditation, qigong, healing or reincarnation. Many members of PA are lived in Europe and North America. Therefore, the annual convention is held in Europe or North America in alternate years. The last convention was held at the Institut Metapsychique International (IMI) in Paris, which is the oldest institute for parapsychology. Next convention will be held in Vienna, 2004 August. PA is a typical society to treat parapsychology as a kind of behavior sciences, which trend was raised after Rhine's revolution. Methodology and philosophy in PA are often referred as a standard. The author will note some recent research trends in PA. In addition, the author will present a few institutes in San Francisco, USA, for example, the Institute for Frontier Science which is activated by the budget from NIH.

Measuring the Effect of MOA Purifying Therapy (1)
- Quantification of Fever, Stiffness and Pain -

Yasutami TSUDA1, Seiya UCHIDA1, Kazuo Nitta1, Seiji Otsubo2 and Yoshiteru MAKI2
1. MOA Health Science Foundation, Life Science Institute (Fukuoka, Japan)
2. Korinkai Medical Foundation, Kagoshima Clinic (Kagoshima, Japan)


Changes of fever, stiffness and pain by receiving MOA purifying therapy are quantified for 48 subjects, who took part in a health promotion seminar. Fever and stiffness are quantified by areas determined by drawing on a human body figure using a pen tablet PC. Pain scales are also evaluated subjectively by 10 steps. The quantity of fever, stiffness and pain can represent the effect of MOA purifying therapy well.

MOA purifying therapy, Jôrei, fever, stiffness, pain, palpation

Effect of Normalizing the Vagus Nervous Funciton by Administration of External Qi (MOA Purifying Therapy)

Seiya UCHIDA, Masahiro UENO, Hisanobu SUGANO and Kazuo NITTA
MOA Health Science Foundation (Shizuoka, Japan)

The purpose of our study was to investigate the effect of normalizing the vagus nervous functionin subjects who received external Qi emission (MOA purifying therapy). In control group, 230 healthy subjects were seated in chair while their electrocardiographs (ECG) were measured. HF (High Frequency) component was analyzed by fluctuation of the r-r interval of the ECG for each subject, and standard HF values for every age were determined. In the external Qi group, 17 subjects seated in chairs while emissions were given to their neck and shoulders for 30min. HF component increased by external Qi emissionin the subjects who had HF of less thanor equal to the standard HF value. HF component decreased by administration of external Qi emission in those subjects who had more than the standard HF value. We suggested that the administration of external Qi had the effect of normalizing the vagus nervous function.

automatic nervous system, parasympathetic nerve, external Qi, MOA purifying therapy, LF, HF

[Report 2]

Situation of "Human Potential Science" and Its Societies

Mikio Yamamoto, Ph.D.
Chairman of the Board of Directors, Editor-in-Chief, International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS)
Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors, International Research Institute (IRI)
Senior Researcher, National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS), Chiba,Japan

The International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS) seeks to realize the paradigm shift from material-oriented science and technology to a new paradigm including the consciousness, spirit and mind through there search based on empirical and positive scientific methodology, and consequently, to promote the development of health, social welfare, educationas well associal and personal peace of mind, and to contribute to the making of a peaceful world, at one with nature. Since the founding of ISLIS in 1995, 16 symposiums have been held and the international journal of ISLIS have published periodically, for which ISLIS has received worldwide praise. As further development from the "Human Potential Science"International Forum held in Japan in 2002, we will hold the "Mind Body Science" International Forum in Seoul in August 2004. To promote constant research activities in this field, the International Research Institute (IRI ) was foundedin 2001. The situation of "Human Potential Science" and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is reported.

International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS), International Research Institute (IRI), Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, Human potential science, mind body, parapsychologty, qigong, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)

Physiological Effects of Multiple Field-Irradiation on Human Body
-double blind cross over study-

Kazuo UEBABA1, Feng-Hao XU1, Tomotake ITOU1, Akira KAWASHIMA2, Susumu ARAHATA3, Hideyuki SHINNABE3 and Takashi AOKI4
1. International Research Center for Traditional Medicine of Toyama Prefecture (Toyama, Japan)
2. Kidney Center, Tokyo Women's Medical University (Tokyo, Japan)
3. Research Department, Nihon Sigmax Co., Ltd. (Tokyo, Japan)
4. Department of Engineering Physics, College of Engineering, Chubu University (Aichi, Japan)

The physiological effects of multiple field-irradiation (MF irradiation) on 14 healthy adult males were studied by the double blind cross over method. After providing written informed consent, subjects were asked to take a supine position while they received MF irradiation from a source located 30 cm above the navel for 5 minutes, then their physiological changes were monitored for 10 minutes. The same subjects participated in the control and active studies in a random order. Blood pressure, heart rate, electrogastrogram (EGG), electroencephalogram (EEG; F3, F4, P3, P4), cerebral circulation, and skin temperature of the abdominal wall and face were monitored. EEG and EGG waves were analyzed by FFT, and the right-left coherence of the EEG was calculated. LF (0.04 – 0.15 Hz) and HF (0.15 – 0.4 Hz) components of R-R variability were calculated to estimate the autonomic nervous balance. The results from active and control experiments were compared with each other after key open. Only active studies showed: 1. increase of amplitude and frequency of EGG; 2. predominance of HF power of R-R variability; 3. changes of the cerebral circulation; 4. changes of EEG (alpha1 wave power and right-left coherence of beta2 wave). The skin temperature of the irradiated abdomen did not change, nor few subjects noticedany warm sensation. These results indicated definite physiological effects of MF irradiation on our body.

multiple fields, double blind cross over study, electrogastrogram, electroencephalogram, cerebral circulation, autonomic nervous balance

A Case of Thalamic Hemorrhage Concomitantly Treated with Qigong Therapy

Yuzo HIGUCHI1, Yasunori KOTANI1, Yoshitsugu HAYASHI2 and Shinichiro MOMOSE3
1. Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo, Japan),
2. Musashino Therapy Center (Saitama, Japan),
3. Momose Clinic (Tokyo, Japan)

This report involves a case of thalamic hemorrhaging that was successfully treated using Qigong therapy. The patient was a 52-year-old housewife. On the day of her hospital admission, she was feeling lightheaded and had dysarthria with right hemiplegia. She was admitted to hospital as a result of losing consciousness. A CT brain scan was immediately performed and revealed hemorrhaging to the left thalamus. She was treated with an intra-cranial decompressive agent and a hemostatic agent, and the clinical course was followed. Qigong therapy was performed for at least 20 minutes every day. She regained normal consciousness on thesecond day in hospital, but had righth emiplegia, sensory disturbance, and hearing impairment, among other symptoms. On the 14th day in hospital, the hemiplegia had almost disappeared and the patient was able to walk without assistance. ACT brain scan performed on the 37th day in hospital revealed that the hemorrhage had been absorbed, and the patient was discharged. This patient's symptoms were treated using modern medical care and Qigong therapy. Futher studies of a larger number of cases using this method are required to determine its usefulness.

thalamic hemorrhage, qigong therapy, hemiplegia, dysarthria

Effects of Qigong Training on High School Students - I

Kimiko KAWANO1 and Mieko TOYAMA2
1. Centre for Informatics and Sciences, Nippon Medical School (Tokyo, Japan)
2. Kanagawa Prefectural Fujisawa High School (Kanagawa, Japan)

EEGs and other physiological measurements were carried out on students of a public senior high school, where a qigong lesson was adopted as part of the physical education program. Although enrollment in the qigong class was open to only the second and the third year students, the measurements were performed on several students for each of thethree years each semester. As the first and second year students atthe first measurement are still participating in the study this year, the results reported here are of one-year-progress for three third year students who graduated from school in March 2003. The alpha amplitude on the occipital area became gradually larger with repetition of the measurements. Relaxation level of the subjects seemed to go up with each measurement. Lag time of alpha phase of the frontal to the occipital region became slightly shorter during qigong, compared with in the resting state; it could be considered the subjects concentrated on qigong practice. However, trends of the changes for measurements were different for two methods of qigong. Further analysis will be made with additional data of other students.

EEG, alpha-frequency, alpha-phase difference, qigong training, high school student

[Special Lecture 1]

Qigong Increases Immunogenic Potential - The Effects of Qigong Investigated from the Viewpoint of Neuroendocrine Immunology -

Graduate School of Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo, Japan)

Qigong therapy has only recently become more widely known, with some university hospitals beginning to incorporate it into their treatments. There are several methods of Qigong therapy. When internal Qigong was performed on oneself in a 40-minute session the levels of adrenaline, noradrenaline, andcortisol decreased, while the levels of natural killer (NK) cell activity and interleukin (IL)-2 increased immediately. These results indicated that internal Qigong decreases the level of sympathetic nerve activity, relieves stress, and increases immunogenic potential. In the case of external qigong, NK cell activity decreased immediately after the treatment before increasing again after 40 minutes. A similar trendency was observed after remote qi emission. Many of the Qigong therapists who achieved the most marked results utilize spiritual energy. Further investigation into spiritual healing needs to be made.

Qigong therapy, remote qi emission, NK cell activity, IL-2, neuroendocrine immunology

Analogy between Traditional Medicine and Evolution

Institute of Oriental Traditional Medicine, Oriental Medicine Clinic (Kanagawa, Japan)

The theory of Oriental traditional medicine and evolution share on a commom point in the philosophy of life. It is that life energy theory is based on intuitive knowledge. Analyses by a single square voltage pulse method suggest that the meridian theory is related to the remaining structures of evolution.

traditional medicine, meridian, evolution, single square voltage pulse method

An Experiment on Meridian Function as a Minute Information System by using LED Signals

Hiroo INDOH1 and Takeo OKU2
1. Instituteof Oriental Traditional Medicine, Oriental Medicine Clinic (Kanagawa, Japan)
2. Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University (Osaka, Japan)

Meridian theory isimportant in Oriental traditional medicine. In order to demonstrate that the meridian is functional, reactions were tested in which light emitting diode (LED) signals were radiated at meridian point and measured using electroencephalography (EEG) and the single square voltage pulse method. Results had a significant difference according to wave length. The effectiveness of traditional medicine theory could be examined with a painless photo-signal.

meridian, photo-signal, LED, EEG, single square voltage pulse method

A Cosmological Study on Mechanism of Vibrational Life Energy

Takeo OKU
Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University (Osaka,Japan)

The purpose of the present work was to investigate a mechanism of life energy from the viewpoint of cosmology based on the theory of relativity and the uncertainty principle. Human beings have an ultra-complicated living-body system of Atomaterials that are highly harmonized atomic materials, and their self-organized existences show negative entropic characteristics. In the present work, vibrational life energy consisting of minute waves with a high frequency was proposed. Two models for life energy were then proposed. In the first, corresponds to unknown dark energy for the advanced cosmology, and is related to the cosmological constant with negative pressure and antigravity for Einstein's equation . In the second, dark matter in cosmology corresponds to life energy , and dark energy corresponds to conscious energy. Further discussion on the mechanism is expected.

life energy, consciousness, qi, cosmology, theory of relativity, quantum theory, time, uncertainty principle, entropy, universe

What is External Qi in Qigong Therapy?  A Hypothesis Based on Bioelectricity and Its Verification Experiments

Takashi AOKI
College of Engineering, Chubu University (Aichi, Japan)

Traditional Oriental medicine includes a manual treatment called external qigong therapy. It is desirable to mechanize this manual treatment, that is, to develop a reliable scientific apparatus having ability higher than that of the manual treatment. This development would also relate to solving the emission mechanism of external qi, which is only a proposition in Oriental qi-ideology. The author proposed a qi-emission mechanism by considering bioelectricity, and made some apparatuses based on this proposal. Biomedical influences of multiple electromagnetic fields (including interference fields) emitted from the apparatuses were determined. Although the biomedical influences were different for different kind, intensity, frequency, etc. of the components of the fields, all of the apparatuses produced biomedical influences including cure effects. It was experimentally confirmed that NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) spectra, viscosity coefficient, and optical absorption of non-living material such as mineral waters, etc. were changed by irradiation with the fields emitted from some of the apparatuses. These effects for living bodies and non-living material were similar to those induced by qigong therapy. Therefore, the experiment results suggested that multiple electromagnetic fields functioned like external qi.

complementary medicine, external qi, qigong, bioelectricity, biological influence, electromagnetic interference, non-induction coil, tumor, inflammation, edema

[Special Lecture 2]

Does a dog recognize his master by an electric field?
Generation and transmission of an electric field around a walker

Kiyoaki TAKIGUCHI1, 2 and Shigeki TOYAMA2
1. Sony Corporation Broadband Application Lab. (Tokyo, Japan)
2. Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (Tokyo, Japan)

In this study, we found that when walking a person generated a quasi-electrostatic field with change of electrification and capacitance and furthermore the field could be measured by remote sensing. We developed a method to measure the electric field for each leg separately in order to eliminate fluctuation due to movement of each leg1). Results obtained by the method showed that the quasi-electrostatic field generated from the human body during walking reflected the individual characteristics of the walking pattern. These individual characteristics could be clearly distinguished even using a quasi-electrostatic field including right and left legs.

quasi-electrostatic field, walking biometrics, personal identification by gait, electrostatic, antenna

[Special Lecture 3]

Estimating Sleepiness during Expressway Driving

Mitsuo YASUSHI and Masatoshi YANAGIDAIRA
Pioneer Corporation (Saitama, Japan)

Several technologies to prevent falling a sleep at the wheel have been developed. One well-known approach uses imaging sensors to count eye blinks or detect particular fluctuations of the vehicle. Such sensors could be effective at preventing accidents by giving a warning. We developed a technology to detect driver's sleepiness by analyzing heartbeats. We studied a regression model with parameters including heart rate variability to estimate driver's sleepiness .
safety, preventive safety, human-machine-interface, sleepiness, driver's condition, heartbeats, heart rate, high frequency, heart rate variability

Dopamine and Brain Function

Masatoshi ITOH1, Keiichiro YAMAGUCHI1, Mehedi MASUD1, Shoichi WATANUKI2, Masayasu MIYAKE1, Taro NIMURA4, Kenichi MEGURO5, Ren IWATA3
1. Division of Nuclear Medicine, 2. Division of Instrumentation, 3. Division of Radiochemistry, Cyclotron Radioisotope Center, Tohoku University (Sendai, Japan)
4. Department of Neurosurgery, National Miyagi Hospital (Sendai, Japan)
5. Division of Neuropsychology, Postgraduate School of Medicine, Tohoku University (Sendai, Japan)

Dopamine (DA) neurons originate midbrain and innervate to the striatum, hypothalamus, pituitary, limbic, and neocortex. The DA system is involved with not only motor control but also learning, memory, and reward/motivation. From the viewpoint of the dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia, the DA networks through the prefrontal cortex and the limbic system have been a wide spread concern. Recent technological developments in positron emission tomography in particular, have increased knowledge on psychiatric and psychological understanding of the mind through in vivo experiments in humans. A recent proposal to measure DA release in situ with an apparent binding potential of DA receptors as an index is a promising tool for understanding the DA systems in psycopsychiatrical entity.

PET, fluoro-dopa, dopamine release, D2 receptor, personality

Nonlinear Mathematical Analysis of the Heart Rate Variability during Virtual Reality Immersion with Healing Video Contents

Xudong DUAN1, Qingtian WANG1, Tomoyuki YAMBE1, Shin-ichi NITTA1 and Ryuta KAWASHIMA2
1. Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University (Sendai, Japan)
2. New Industrial Creation Hatchy Center, Tohoku University (Sendai, Japan)

The Pockemon shock is a well-know incident in the history of the Japanese broadcasting industry. In this study, we evaluated electrocardiography (ECG), arterial blood pressure (BP). Eight healthy adult volunteers participated in this experiment with satisfactory informed consent. ECG and BP were recorded for each subject during three different protocols: resting condition (RS), healing video contents shown on a screen (HS), and a mosaic picture shown with inverted music on a screen (IS). All tests were done while subjects were sitting. Time length of the software was about 15 minutes. All data were recorded in a digital data recorder. Fast fourier transform (FFT), and nonlinear mathematical analyzing methodologies including chaos and fractal theory were utilized to evaluate the fluctuations in the hemodynamic parameters. Spectral analysis was performed to evaluate the heart rate variability (HRV) and BP variability during the experiment, however, there were no significant changes during because of wide standard deviation. Fractal dimension of HRV was significantly lower in HS (1.61 0.09), but significantly higher in IS (1.53 0.07) than in RS (1.57 0.04, p<0.05). We must continue our study aiming at safe audiovisual stimulating equipment.

Heart rate variability (HRV), fractal, chaos

Improvement of the Degree of Understanding through a Five-day Class in the Beginning Level of Kurita's Speed Reading Course

Masahiro KURITA
Gunma Paz Gakuen College (Gunma, Japan)

Kurita's Speed Reading System was proposed in 1987. A consistent education started in 1991, and 418 classes ended by July, 2003. The purpose of the training is to shift; the conventional paradigm of character information to a new method. The degree of understanding of reading through a beginner's training class was examined in this study. Subjects were 66 adult participants of a five-day beginners classes.The reading speeds before the training were 830 characters/min on average. The reading speed after the training was 23919 characters/min on average, and the magnification became 31 times on average. The degree of understanding of the conventional reading before the training was 31% on average. It was directed at the 10th step that subjects read the same length of the sentences within 1 minute, and the degree of understanding of the reading was 67% on average. This suggested that the ability of understanding increased. The degree of understanding of the speed reading at the 10th step was 59%, 51%, 44%, and 38% on average with respect to 2000, 3000, 4000, and 5000 characters/min speed reading, respectively. This means that the degree of understanding of 5000 characters/min speed reading was higher than that of conventional reading. Moreover, at 10 step, it was directed that subjects performed speed reading with the constant degree of understanding. The results were 9151, 7002, and 5664 characters on average (i.e.,11, 9, and 8 times on average) with respect to degree 30, 40, and 50% of undrstanding, respectively. This means that speed reading with degree 30% of understanding (which is almost identical to that of the conventional reading, i.e, 31%) was faster by ten times than the conventional reading. These results shows that the participants of Kurita's speed reading attained not only the high speed of reading but also high degree of understanding of reading.

Kurita's speed reading, information processing, subconsciousness, intellectual function, reading speed, potential ability, degree of understanding

Analysis of a 5-week training regimen for eyesight recovery by free stereo viewing

Yoshihisa KOGA1 and Masahiro KURITA2
1. Nihon Riko Medical Institute (Nagasaki, Japan)
2. Gumma Paz Gakuen College (Gunma, Japan)

Our previous study demonstrated immediate changes in eyesight in response to a method of training in free stereo viewing. In the present research we observed the same changes in another group and investigated the effects of the training for five weeks. [Method] The subjects were a group of nine adults attending Kurita's eyesight recovery course employing "training in free stereo viewing" (3D viewing) once a week for five weeks. Eyesight was measured before and after each training session, and the average value of the eyesight measurements for the five weeks was used as data. [Result] The results are shown as average values. The 3D viewing brought about an improvement in the naked-eye eyesight (without glasses) of both eyes from 0.14 to 0.19 (difference of 0.04, increase of 30%), and an improvement in the corrected eyesight (with glasses) of both eyes from 0.79 to 0.94 (difference of 0.15, increase of 19%). After the five-week period of the training, the naked-eye eyesightof both eyes changed from 0.12 to 0.27 (difference of 0.14), for an average increase of 2.2 times (increase of 2.21 between the two average values), and the corrected eyesight of both eyes changed from 0.71 to 0.94 (difference of 0.24), for an average increase of 1.34 times (increase of 1.43 times between the two average values). [Assessment] The 3D training had the immediate effect of eyesight improvement. The results also suggested that when the method is continued for five weeks, the improvement can be expected to increase during the period of training.

Free stereo view, 3D vision, eyesight, speed reading, eye movement, Kurita's super-reading system

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Last Modified: November 21, 2003