Journal of ISLIS, Vol.21. No.1, 2003 English

Vol.21, 2003, March

Journal of International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS) 

Vol.21, No.1, 2003
ISSN 1341-9226


[Original Research Papers]

Investigation of Anomalous Bio-Magnetic Fields from Human Hand During Qi Emission
Hak-Soo SHIN1, Jung Dae KIM2 , Kwang-Sup SOH 2, Byung-Doo KWON3 , Sang Yong CHOI 4 , Han Seo KOO4 , Seung Chan AN5 and Kun Ho LEE 5
1. Department of Physics Education, Seoul National University (Seoul, Korea)
2. School of Physics, Seoul National University (Seoul, Korea)
3. Department of Earth Science Education, Seoul National University (Seoul, Korea) 
4. Han-Seo Bio-Magnetic Research Center (Seoul, Korea)
5. The Korea Research Institute for New Human Sciences (Seoul, Korea)

We measured the bio-magnetic field emitting from palm during Qi emission. Among the eleven Qigong trainees two subjects emitted strong magnetic fields of a hundred nT order during the emitting time interval. We present the real time data and also analyze characteristic features by the methods of variance, windowed Fourier transform, and  wavelet transform. The characteristic frequencies are on a broad band between 0.1 Hz and 4 Hz.

Keywords: bio-magnetic field, qi, qigong; traditional Chinese medicine, variance, Fourier analysis, wavelet transform

Changes of the Event-Related Potentials during Hypnosis
Xumei WANG1, 2, Mahito KIMURA1 , Michio HADA1, Yasunori NAKAJIMA1 , Takao MORI 1 and Shunkichi ENDO1
1.Department of Neuropsychiatry, Nippon Medical School (Tokyo, Japan)
2.Department of Psychiatry, China Medical University (Shenyang, China)

Background: In psychology, hypnosis is classified into three stages: movement control stage (stage 1), sensory control stage (stage 2), and memory control stage (stage 3).  However, this has not been verified scientifically.  Therefore, we studied the cognitive ability, event-related potentials (ERPs), during different stages of hypnosis.  Methods: There were two female subjects.  One was of high hypnotizability and the other of low hypnotizability.  ERP was elicited by a two-tone auditory discrimination task, recorded with 28 electrodes.  The Global Field Power (GFP) and the Current Source Density (CSD) of the N100 and P300 components were calculated from the acquired brain waves.  Results: Compared to prehypnosis, the amplitudes of N100 and P300 of the hihgly susceptible subject increased, but there was no difference among the three stages in hypnosis.  For the lowly susceptible subject during hypnosis, the stages 2 and 3.  For the subject with low hypnotizability, we thought that in stage 2 the frontal source had attenuated.  Conclusion: The hypnotic state in a highly hypnotizability subject may be related to a near condition of relaxation, and the hypnotic state in a low hypnotizability subject may be related to a near condition of a tense state.  The selective attention and cognitive ability increased during hypnosis in the highly hypnotizability subject, but decreased in the low hypnotizability subject.  In addition, the disappeared subcomponent of 1 or 6 of N100 components in the low hypnotizability subject may be related to attention shift.  

Keywords: hypnosis, hypnotizability,k event-related potentials (ERPs), current source density (CSD), EEG

Influence of "Half Food Abstention" on Mice Transplanted with S180 Ascitic Tumor

Wei-guo HUA1, Wei-zong CHU1 , Xian-yong LIU 2, Hui-ju CHEN1 and Yu-ying WANG 1
1. Shanghai Qi-Gong Institute (Shanghai, China)
2. A postgraduate of SHUTCM in 2001 (Shanghai, China)

According to the characteristics of energy metabolism of tumor, we examined the effect of "Ban-Pi-Gu" on 182 mice transplanted with S180 ascitic tumor. "Ban-Pi-Gu" is a half dietary restriction, and it includes changes of formulary diet too. The result was obviously prolonging mean surviving days (P<0.05-0.001), improving living quality and decreasing blood sugar level.

Keywords: Ban-Pi-Gu (BPG) (half dietary restriction), ascitic tumor, mean surviving day, living quality, blood sugar level

The Skin Surface Temperature Change of Hand and Central Portion of Forehead during Qi-emission Task

Weizhong CHEN1,2, Tong ZHANG2, Junko NUREKI 2, Fengtong WANG2, Suzue HARAGUCHI 2 ,
Junichirou KOTAKE2, Hideyuki KOKUBO2 and Mikio YAMAMOTO2
1.Diversity and Fractal Science, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Chiba University (Chiba, Japan)
2.National Institute of Radiological Sciences (Chiba, Japan)

In the physiological measurement studies of Qigong, there is no analytical research either on the skin surface temperature of thenar eminence of the qi-emission hand, or on the correlation between thenar eminence and central portion of forehead. For the present report, skin surface temperature changes of the hand and central portion of forehead during the qi-emission task by an expert, who has been practicing Qigong for about 40 years, were measured and analyzed. Consequently, it was discovered that there was a significant difference (p<0.01) and a strong negative correlation (r=-0.91) between central portion of forehead and thenar eminence of the qi-emission hand. However, no significant difference and correlation were seen between right-and-left laogong. Moreover, as a result of comparing the average temperature slope for one minute in the middle of the qi-emission task and comparison task period, there was a significant difference in the right thenar eminence (p<0.05) and central portion of forehead (p<0.001), and no significant difference in first finger, right and left laogong where considered as a region emitting qi.

Keywords: consciousness concentration, Qigong, qi-emission, skin surface temperature, thenar eminence, central portion of forehead, laogong, correlation coefficients

[Report on the Visit]
The 6th International New Science Symposium and Visits to Institutions in Seoul
Mikio YAMAMOTO1 and Kimiko KAWANO2
1.Yamamoto Bio-Emission Laboratory, National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS), Chiba, Japan
2.Center for Informatics and Science, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan

The authors visited Seoul, Korea to take part in The 6th Chui-san International Science Sympo-sium held by Minaisa Club. They visited several leading universities, Seoul National University, Yonsei University, Graduate School of Complementary Alternative Medicine and Clinics of Pochon CHA Univer-sity and institutions, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Korean Institute of Brain Science. They interacted with Korean researchers associated with the fields of human potential science and alternative medicine. “Mind body Science” International Forum will be held in Seoul around 22-25 August 2004.

Keyword: New Science Symposium, Minaisa Club, Seoul National University, Yonsei University, Pochon CHA University, Samsung, Korea Institute of Brain Science, human potential science, CAM, alternative medicine, integrative medicine, mind body science

Physiological Effects of a Treatment by Jujishiki Health Method
Yoshio MACHI1, Chao LIU1 and Kimiko KAWANO 2
1.Graduate School of Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Tokyo Denki University (Tokyo, Japan)
2. Centre for Information and Science, Nippon Medical School (Tokyo, Japan)

Abstract: Using physiological measurements, we measured a master of the Jujishiki Health method, and the effects in two patients.  This method is promoted by the Japan Mennonite Ashoro Christian Church.  This treatment is said to use Qi power, so we tested using several techniques previously used to analyze Qi power.  We found that the practitioner gave several hit close to the backbone with his hand, which influenced the subject's autonomic nerve system.  A male, over 20 years old, was shown by ECG data to have his parasympathetic nervous system dominant.  In addition, a female patient, around 70 years old, was shown as having a strong sympathetic nervous system.  It was accepted that both person's conditions improved with this treatment.  In addition, we confirmed that just prior to the treatment of slapping both on the back, R point voltage of ECG began to show some changes.  We thought that as they were already treated with Qi before being hit, the slapping was unnecessary.  Probably the Jujishiki method should be considered as one that uses Qi.

Keywords: autonomic nervous activity, ECG, R point voltage, EEG, Qi, blood flow, thermograph

An Approach from EEG to a Health Method, Juji-shiki
Kimiko KAWANO1, Yoshio MACHI2 and Chao LIU 2
1.Centre for Informatics and Sciences, Nippon Medical School (Tokyo, Japan)
2.Graduate School of Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Tokyo Denki University (Tokyo, Japan)

EEGs of a healing master and his patients were measured simultaneously while making an ex-tremely short term healing to patients’ spinal columns; mainly a waves were analyzed in the resting state before and after the treatment.  The ratio of effective a amplitude on the frontal midline to the parietal midline (Fz/Pz) was large on the master, even in the resting state, and it became clearly larger while im-aging the treatment.  The ratios of the patients showed a tendency to be larger before treatment than after, though they were not significant.  Lag time of a waves on the frontal to the occipital area, as an indicator of concentration, was short on the master in the resting state after treatment; it means, he might be in the concentrating state.  On the contrary, the subjects seemed to concentrate before treatment rather than af-ter.  Frequency of the a waves became faster after the treatment either on the master or on the patients.  It was suggested that there was some influence of the body movement by the treatment and of the activa-tion of the brain.  Compared analysis of the sequential EEGs of the master and his patients and also the direct medical effect for patients by this instantaneous, quick treatment are the following study.

Keywords: EEG, a-frequency, frontal a-wave, healing, spine adjustment

[Special Lecture 1]
Simultaneous and Continuous Recording of Electroencephalogram and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging and
Their Clinical Applications

Kimitaka ANAMI1, Tong ZHANG3, Takeyuki MORI 1, Yuka KOBAYASHI1, Fumiko TANAKA 2 , Hiroshi MATSUDA2 and Osamu SAITOH 1
1.Dept. of Psychiatry, National Center Hospital for Mental, Nervous, and Muscular Disorders, NCNP. (Tokyo, Japan)
2.Dept. of Radiology, National Center Hospital for Mental, Nervous, and Muscular Disorders, NCNP. (Tokyo, Japan)
3.National Institute of Radiological Sciences (Chiba, Japan)

Simultaneous and continuous recording of an electroencephalogram (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) can allow brain mapping that reveals brain regions related to a variety of EEG events such as alpha activity, sleep spindle and event related potentials as well as epileptic discharges. However, this methodology is precluded by artifacts on EEG such as ballistocardiograms, and other imaging artifacts that often have overwhelming amplitudes of 1000 to 2500 mV. Recording the imaging artifacts with frequency range up to 3000 Hz revealed their real waveform, in which each major artifact peak precisely corresponded to each gradient component. It was elucidated that the imaging artifacts actually had differential waveforms of the original gradient pulses based on Faraday’s law. Given the above findings, to retrieve EEG signal during fMRI acquisition, a new blip type echo planar sequence (stepping stone sequence) was developed2) so that every EEG data sampling (1000 Hz digitization rate) might be performed exclusively in interspaces in which an imaging artifact resided near the baseline level.

Estimation of Receiver's Discriminability Index in Remote Action against Human
Hideyuki KOKUBO, Suzue HARAGUCHI, Junichirou KOTAKE, Hideo YOICHI, Weizhong CHEN, Tong ZHANG, Fengtong WANG, Junko NUREKI, Tomoko KOKADO, Nobuo FUKUDA and Mikio YAMAMOTO
National Institute of Radiological Sciences (Chiba, Japan)

For several years, the authors have been studying remote action in physiological responses and time differences between motion times of sending and receiving. Here, the Receiver's discriminability index d' was estimated by the signal detection theory. The Receiver judged the existence of the sending signal every 10-second trial. 1280 trials were done by 4 subjects (3 males, 1 females) who were veteran practitioners of martial arts. Total hits were 668 trials (p=0.0588, one tailed) and the average of the Receivers' discriminability indexes d' was 0.092 and its 95% confidence interval was [0.167, 0.016]. Discrimination of the signal existence in remote action was more difficult that in usual sensory stimuli experiments.

Keywords: signal detection theory, ROC, discriminability index, toh-ate, direct mental influence with living system (DMILS), parapsychology, Shintaido, martial arts

Effect of External Qi on the Autonomic Nervous System - Difference of Effect in Expertise of Healers -
Seiya UCHIDA, Masahiro UENO, Hisanobu SUGANO and Kazuo NITTA
MOA Health Science Foundation (Shizuoka, Japan)

The purpose of our study is to investigate the relationship between the changes of autonomic nervous system of subjects and the expertise of external Qi healers by measurement of the heart rate fluctuation.  Healers were divided into 3 groups (A, B and C).  Healers in group A were doctors, practitioners in acupuncture or nurses (n=10).  Healers in group B were volunteer workers in a clinic or in-home care (n=12).  Healers in group C were persons other than except the group A or B (n=8).  Healthy subjects received external Qi by healer of group A (n=23), B(n=18) and C (n=14).  HF and LF/HF were calculated by wavelet analysis of the fluctuation of the heart rate in the subject's electrocardiogram pre, during and post Qi emission.  In the control, HF and LF/HF with prone position (n=19) and sitting position (n=12) were measured and comopared to that of the external Qi. HF significfantly increased during Qi emission of group A.  Qi emission of group A was significantly more effective than group C.

Keywords: automatic nervous system, parasympathetic nerve, external Qi, MOA purifying therapy, LF, HF

Influence of Level of Skill on Physiological Reaction in Shaolin Internal Qigong
Qiang LI1, Yoshimasa MATSUURA2, Shinji TSUBOUCHI 2, Qiming LI3 and Norinaga SHIMIZU 2
1.The Japan Society of Chinese Tuina Medicine(Osaka, Japan)
2.Dept. of Earth and Life Sciences, College of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Osaka Pref. Univ.(Osaka, Japan)
3.Kitade Hospital(Wakayama, Japan)

In this study, the influence of the level of skill for practicing Shaolin Internal Qigong and difference of the influences between skilled subject and unskilled subjects were investigated. Five men volunteered to participate in this study. The subjects included a 57-year skilled Qigong doctor who has practiced Shaolin Internal Qigong almost every day for more than 40 years and four healthy male college students whose training year was less than one year for Shaolin Internal Qigong. Experimental physiological indices included heart rate(HR), oxygen uptake(VO2), respiratory rate(RR), respiratory phase(themistor),oxygen saturation(StO2), total Hb, peripheral skin blood flow and lower limb EMG. The peripheral skin blood flow of the skilled subject was decreased from 10% to 25% in both exercises in comparison with the sitting position in rest. The remarkable change of oxygen saturation in the brain in unskilled sub-jects was not recognized. The different phenomena of respiratory rate and respiratory phase were showed between the skilled and unskilled subjects to let us know the difference existed on breathing way. From
the difference of participated muscles during exercises in between skilled and unskilled subjects, we suggest that it has the necesssity of proficiency to keep the posture of Shaolin Internal Qigong. In addition, we conclude that respiratory patterns and discharge of musculus rectus femoris on electromyogram seem to be the proper physiological indices that reflect the level of skill in Shaolin Internal Qigong.

Keywords: Shaolin Internal Qigong, level of skill, respiratory pattern, EMG, peripheral skin blood flow

Physiological Study of KI Aikido in Striking a Master on His Forehead
Yoshio MACHI1, Chao LIU1, Koichi TOHEI 2, Toshiaki ISHIZAKI2, Tsutomu HAMAOKA 2 and Setsuo KODATO2
1.Graduate School of Engineering, Tokyo Denki Univ.,(Tokyo, JAPAN)
2.KI Development Institute (Ichikai, Tochigi, JAPAN)

Shomen-uchi in KI Aikido is a technique to protect oneself by blocking the attacker’s blow off with a hand through sensing his Ki just before the blow and guiding it. It has been called Ki, which has been studied physiologically to elucidate what Ki really is. This study shows that the voltage signal in the frontal lob of brain appears very strong in electroencephalography, indicating a state of his concentration, followed by further enhanced voltage along with extension of the active field in that frontal lob when sensing something. Other physiological data such as GSR and R point voltage show similar changes, in which they appeared in three second before the blow nevertheless an actual blow has not been conducted.

Keywords: Physiological measurement, frontal lob, EEG, GSR, R point voltage

Emission Intensity and Time Dependency of Influence of Irradiation by Waves Emitted from 65kHz Toroidal Coils
on Forced Swimming Behavior of Mice

Katsushi YOSHIDA1, Takashi AOKI2, Yoshinori ADACHI3, Yasuo YOSHIHUKU4
1.Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Chubu University (Aichi, Japan)
2.College of Engineering, Chubu University (Aichi, Japan)
3.College of Business Administration and Information Science, Chubu University (Aichi, Japan)
4.High-Tech Research Center, Chubu University (Aichi, Japan)

Mice were irradiated by an ETC (emission from a toroidal coil system) wave field, and the difference in physical stamina between irradiated (3mA, 5mA) and control (unirradiated) groups was examined.
The change of the feed quantity caused a clear change in the rectal temperature of the mice on the condition that the quantity was insufficient. The immobile time showed a clear tendency to increase as the rectal temperature fell, and reached the maximal value on the eleventh day, when the rectal temperature was the lowest. The 5-minute irradiation in this study did not cause any significant difference among the mean values of the immobile time of the three groups. These results in addition to those of our previous report led to a conclusion that the irradiation time necessary to improve the stamina of physically weakened mice was at least ten minutes. Current (hence emission intensity) dependency of the influence of irradiation was not clarified, because the irradiation time was not long enough.
ETC irradiation raised the rectal temperature of live mice, but did not cause any change in that of a dead mouse. This meant that it affected the autonomic nervous system of the mice.

Keywords: ETC irradiation, animal swimming test, rectal temperature, physical stamina

Detection of Lavender Fragrance by an AT-cut Quartz Resonator
Takashi AOKI1, Takashi FUJII1 and Yoshinori ADACHI2
1.College of Engineering, Chubu University (Aichi, Japan)
2.College of Business Administration and Information Science, Chubu University (Aichi, Japan)

As a fundamental study to develop a lavender fragrane detector, changes in electronic characteristics (impedance Z and resonant frequency f ) of a quartz resonator for exposure to lavender fragrance were determined.  The surface of the resonator was coated by japan (urushi) as a film adsorbing lavender fragrance molecules.  The maximum value of the impedance change rate ΔZ/Z of the resonator was 4.5×10 -2 when it was exposed to air saturated in lavender fragrance molecules.  On the other hand, the maximum frequency change rate was Δf / f considered to be smaller than 2.8×10 -7 .  The experiment result suggested that using the impedance change, rather than the frequency change, of the quartz resonator could lead to the lavender fragrance deetector.

Keywords: lavender fragrance, aromatherapy, quartz resonator, japan (Urushi)

Report on Two Cases Where Tumors Have Disappeared with Relief of Symptoms by Healing with
Energy-irradiated Waters, Rock Crystal, etc.

Nishimoto Daini Clinic (Wakayama, Japan)

In Europe and America, wider options have become available in both alternative and complementary medicines and the ratio of patients who take these treatments to those who take conventional medicine is increasing.  On the other hand, in Japan, treatment based on Western medicine is still more popular, and surgery, medication, radiotherapy, etc. are usually the first choice.  This time, we will report on two cases where, by healing with energy-irradiated waters, rock crystal, etc. as alternative and complementary therapies, symptoms disappeared first and then tumors disappeared without any surgical treatment employed.  Last time, we reported on cases where pains were relieved, focusing on changes in brain waves and Qi current, while this time, we discuss why such a big improvement as the disappearance of tumors was achieved.

Keywords: Qigong, energy therapy, pain reduction, tumor improvement 

Lucid Dreaming: Its Experimental Proof and Psychological Conditions
Laboratory of Psychology, Faculty of Science, Toho University (Chiba, Japan)

The occurrence of lucid dreaming (dreaming while being conscious that one is dreaming) has been verified for 4 selected subjects who signaled that they knew they were dreaming. The signals consisted of particular dream actions having observable concomitants and were performed in accordance with a presleep agreement. Two of the subjects signaled successfully during REM sleep, and the others during stage 1. To know what the psychological conditions for the occurrence of lucid dreaming are, a questionnaire on lucid dreams was made and given to college students at the same time Eysenck Personality Questionnaire and Sugawara’s Self-consciousness Scale. There was no significant relationship between the lucid dream experience frequency and the personality characteristics, whereas lucid dreamers had significantly higher scores than non-lucid dreamers on the “private self-consciousness subscale”, but not on the “public self-consciousness subscale”. This result suggests that most people may have a capacity to have a lucid dream, despite their differences of personality, through some appropriate way of training to reinforce their private self-consciousness in their daily life.

Keywords: lucid dreaming, poligram, questionnaire, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, Self-consciousness Scale, private self-consciousness

Interaction between a Sender and a Receiver in Remote Qi Emission
Yuzo HIGUCHI1, Yoshitsugu HAYASHI2, Xiang Yong ZHANG3 and Hironobu HIGUCHI4
1.Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo, Japan)
2.Musashino Treatment Center (Saitama, Japan)
3.Oriental Qigong Clinic (Tokyo, Japan)
4.College of Medical Sciences, Tohoku University (Sendai, Japan)

With the help of a famous Chinese qigong master, Ziang Yong Zhang, a video recording was made for the interaction between a sender and a receiver in remote qi emission for analysis.  The sender remotely emitted qi from a park in Shenyang City, China, for 30 minutes to a receiver located in a hotel room in the same city approximately 35 km away.  When the master started to emit qi, the receiver did not react at all, but at 7 minutes and 20 seconds after the start of remote qi emission, the right fingers began to move, and at 10 minutes after the start of remote qi emission, the right hand began to rotate.  Next, the right leg began to move, and the left leg started to vibrate violently at the same time.  Even when the master stopped emitting qi, the vibration persisted, not stopping until 10 minutes and 30 seconds after discontinuation of the remote qi emission.  Therefore, the receiver received some type of information through remote qi emission, and this information persisted for some time in the receiver.

Keywords: remote qi emission, video recording

Three Cases in which Reduction of Tumor Size through Concomitant Use of CAM including Ki Therapy was Acknowledged

Akira FUKUOKA1, Yuko KOYAMA1, Hiroshi FUKUOKA 1, Eriko UEDA1, Mitsuyoshi YAMAMOTO 2 , Kisyo KIDA3, Hiroko YOSHIMURA4
1.Fukuoka Dental Clinic Research Laboratory of Integrative Medicine(Tokyo, Japan)
2.Yamamoto Kinen Hospital(Kanagawa, Japan)
3.JAPAN KIHODO Association(Tokyo, Japan)
4.KAIKO Co,Ltd(Tokyo, Japan)

〔Objective〕Report three cases in which tumor reduction was observed through active, concomitant use of CAM including Ki Therapy.  〔CaseⅠ〕 A.F. 76 Years Old ♂ Dentist, colonic tumor, no subjective symptoms.  Resonance of tumor in descending colon was found through B.D.ORT.  Endoscopic examination and histological tissue examination acknowledged a Tubular Adenoma (Group 3) of about 2.5cm in the same area.  Later, after approximately two months of concomitant use of CAM including Ki Therapy, tumor size was reduced to about 1cm making endoscopic excision possible.  〔CaseⅡ〕 M.Y. 59 Years Old ♂ Doctor, metastatic intrahepatic tumor, complained of defecation abnormality and weight loss.  Through endoscopic examination and diagnostic imaging, a malignant tumor (Class V) in the large intestine and metastasis to the liver, respectively, were acknowledged.  After excision of tumor in large intestine, chemotherapy was applied for approximately nine months.  Following that, Ki Therapy was concomitantly used.  A tendency for the metastatic intrahepatic tumor to decrease in size and become benign was acknowledged through diagnostic imaging.   〔Case Ⅲ〕 T.S. 42 Years Old ♂ White Collar Worker, cerebral aneurysm.  Due to sequela of a traffic accident, MRI and cerebral angiography were performed on 2 August 1999 and aneurisms were acknowledged in two locations.  Through concomitant use of Ki Therapy, reduction in aneurysms and improvement in blood flow were observed.  〔Conclusion〕From the above, we report three cases of improved progress through concomitant use of Ki Therapy.

Keywords: Colonic Tumor, Metastatic Intrahepatic Tumor, Cerebral Aneurysm, B.D.ORT, Ki Therapy, Goshinjo Therap, Supplement, Tumor Reduction

[Special Lecture 2]
Physiological Analysis for Consciousness Power: Physiological and Physical Measurements for Thought-graph

Yoshio MACHI and Chao LIU
Graduate School of Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Tokyo Denki University (Tokyo, Japan)

For this report, we performed an experiment in which Ms. Qiang Wang who has several special abilities wrote letters on a sheet of paper that had been placed beforehand in a black paper envelope.  She was able to write the letters without touching the envelope.  That is to say, after she thought of some letters in her mind, she could write on the sheet of paper inside the envelope.  We made physiological and physical measurements.  Such a phenomenon cannot be explained using ordinary common sense and we did this experiment many times, gradually making it more complicated each time.  we made physical measurements to record writing pen pressure on the paper, but we cannot explain how she was sucessful yet.  We examined the physiological and physical situations.  We found what kind of phenomena existed in the letter.  We found that she controlled her respiration by herself and also her autonomous nerve system.  A strong EEG voltage was seen at her right frontal lob and the right parietal lob which was larger than usual. At the time we thought that she was able to carry out the phenomenon in her mind, the EEG potential suddenly rose.  This was when she wrote the letters on the paper.

Keywrods: EEG, ECG, autonomous nervous system, writing pressure, direct thought-graph, expanding throught-graph

[Report on the Visit]
Report in 2002 for Russian Research

Mikio YAMAMOTO1, Hideyuki KOKUBO1, Hideo YOICHI 1 and Kimiko KAWANO2
1.National Institute of radiological Sciences (Chiba, Japan)
2.Nippon Medical School (Tokyo, Japan)

The authors visited Moscos from November 11th to 20th, 2002 for discussions with Russian researchers and attendance at a conference and seminar.  In research on anomalous phenomena, academic interchanges between Japan and Russia have not been active.  Russian research has many unique ideas and interesting approaches.  Research communication and collaboration with Russia should be developed to improve Japanese studies.  

Keywords: Russia, research trend, anomaly, parapsychology, bioextrasensorics

Study on the Change of Body Temperatures by Magnetic Field Application on the Wrist
Taihoe KOO*1,3, Sanghoon SHIN2, Gilwon YOON 2, Hanseo KOO1 and Mignon PARK 3
1.Hanseo Center for Biomagnetic Studies (Seoul, Korea)
2.Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (Kyungki-do, Korea)
3.Intelligent Control System Lab, The Graduate School of Yonsei University (Seoul, Korea)

A comparative study was conducted on two groups of adults (31 persons) to determine whether or not exposing human bodies to a magnetic field changes their body temperature in a statistically meaningful way. In a room with a constant temperature (below 25 deg Celsius), N pole and S pole of permanent magnets (2000 Gauss) were applied to the LU-7 and LU-9 of the right wrist respectively for subjects in the magnet group, whereas placebo magnets were used with the control group. 25 minutes after magnet application, 80% of the control group showed a decrease by 0.5 deg Celsius, while 48% of the magnet group did in the temperatures of their feet. And 12% of the magnet group indicated an increase by 0.5 deg Celsius whereas no control subjects showed any temperature difference over 0.5 deg Celsius.

Keywords: magnetic field, body temperature, permanent magnet, LU-7, LU-9, SP-4, KI-6

A Study on Mechanism of Precognition
Takeo OKU
Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University (Osaka, Japan)

The purpose of the present work was to investigate a mechanism of precognition from the viewpoint of the theory of relativity,k quantum theory and the uncertainty principle.  Since the mechanism of human consciousness has not been clarified in modern science, a conscious field with consciousness was assumed in the present work.  This conscious field moves to a future time and space with the velocityof light, and perceives future phenomena.  After that, the conscious field is not a material consisting of atoms, but minute waves with a certain particular super-high frequency, and therefore, it can  pass through the wormhole. The precognition mechanism  will become clearer with completion of  the quantum gravity theory that harmonizes time and space.

Keywords: precongniton, time, consciousness, wormhole, theory of relativity, quantum theory, velocity of light, uncertainty principle, negative energy, universe

A Study on Mechanism of Life Energy
Takeo OKU
Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University (Osaka, Japan)

 The purpose of the present work was to investigate a mechanism of life energy from the viewpoint of the theory of relativity. Human beings have an ultra-complicated living-body system of Atomaterials that are highly harmonized atomic materials, and their self-organized existences show negative entropic chracteristics. In the present work, two models for human life-energy were proposed. The first was that the life energy is minute waves with a high-frequency ν (v>mc2/h(1-v2 /c 2)1/2). The second was that the minute waves travel faster than light and belong to negative time and space, and they have negative entropy. Further discussion on the mechanism is expected.

life energy, consciousness, qi, time, theory of relativity, quantum theory, velocity of light, uncertainty principle, negative energy, universe

Long-term Effect of Eyesight Recovery Methods Employing a Time Varying Magnetic Field and Training in Free Stereo Viewing
Yoshihisa KOGA1 and Masahiro KURITA2
1.Nihon Riko Medical Institute (Nagasaki, Japan)
2.Gunma Paz Gakuen College (Gunma, Japan)

Our previous study showed the immediate changes in on eyesight in response to two separate methods, one employing a time-varying magnetic field, and one employing training in free stereo viewing.  In the present research, the same changes were reexamined in another group, and, the long-term effects obtained by a combination of both methods was examined. [Method] The subjects were ten adults attending Kurita's eyesight recovery method course trained once a week for 10 weeks.  Each subjects received "magnetic irradiation for three minutes to back of the head" (magnetic irradiation) once a week on odd-numbered weeks (weeks 1, 3, 5, 7, 9) and underwent "training in free stereo viewing" (3D viewing) once a week on even-numbered weeks (weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10).  Eyesight was measured before and after training, and the average value of the eyesight measurements of give weeks was used as data. [Result] The results are shown as average values.  The magnetic irradiation resulted in improvement in right and left naked-eye eyesight (without glasses) from 0.40 to 0.51 (difference of 0.11, increase of 28%) and the 3D viewing resulted in improvement from 0.42 to 0.51 (difference of 0.09, increase of 21%).  The magnetic irradiation changed the right and left corrected eyesight (with glasses) 1.04 to 1.23 (difference of 0.0.19, increase of 18%), and the 3D viewing changed it from 1.06 to 1.28 (difference of 0.22, increase of 21%).  No significant differences were seen between the magnetic irradiation and 3D training in the degrees of increase brought about in the naked-eye eyesight and corrected eyesight.  The long-term effects of ten weeks were as follows.  Right and left naked-eye eyesight changed from 0.18 to 0.66 (difference of 0.36), for an average increase of 2.36 times (increase of 2.18 between the two average values).  Right and left corrected eyesight changed from 0.78 to 1.71 (difference of 0.92), for an average increase of 2.25 times (increase of 2.19 times between the two average values). [Assessment] Both the magnetic irradiation and the 3D training had an immediate effect of eyesight improvement, and there was no significant difference between the efficacies of these methods.  The results also suggested that a lont-term effect on eyesight can be expected in using both methods for ten weeks.

Keywords: free stereo view, 3D vision, eyesight, time varying magnetic field, Kurita's super-reading system

A Study on the Relationship between α-waves and Business Performance (Part VI)
(Summary of previous research findings and study on the effectiveness of setting daily targets)
Akiyoshi OSHIMA
WORD Laboratories Inc. (Urayasu, Japan)

This is the sixth report to this society about the results of the experiments conducted under the abovementioned theme.  Quantitative measurement of business performance and α-waves have been conducted since 1995, resulting in various findings. This time, previous findings were reorganized in consideration of the following questions: 1) What are factors to enhance business performance?  2) What are factors to increase α-waves?  3) What are future research themes?  The effectiveness of setting daily targets to enhance business performance was also examined through experiments.

Keywords: α-wave, training, business, performance, planning, target

Consideration of Formative Mechanism of Electrodermal Activity-Skin Potential Activity and Skin Impedance Change-
Kiyoko SHIRAI , Yoshitake YAMAMOTO and Hiroyuki OKUDA
Faculty of Health Sciences, Okayama University Medical School(Okayama, Japan)

Electrodermal activity (EDA) is well known as sensing emotional activity and autonomous nerve activity easily. There are skin resistance change (SRC), skin impedance change (SIC) and skin potential activity (SPA) for measurement of EDA. SPA which consists of skin potential level (SPL) and skin potential reflex (SPR) has been used well in recent years. However, there are various kinds of patterns in SPR, and not enough is known about the  formative mechanism of SPA. Then, we had examined these things. In the case of measurement of SPL, we require  a rigid standard electrode accompanied by removing of stratum corneum. Since this treatment is accompanied by some pain to subjects, inadequate removing of the stratum corneum will tend to bring uncertainty of measurement result. Therefore, if the relationship between the degree of fall of SIL and fall of SPL accompanied by removing of stratum corneum are clarified, and sufficient removing for construction of standard electrode is checked by imped-ance, this approach is reasonable. Then we proposed the method. Furthermore, by the relation with environmental  temperature, EDA measurements in various body surface parts were performed, and the relevance of thermal per-spiration and mental perspiration was considered. 

Key words: formative mechanism, electrodermal activity, skin potential activity, skin impedance change,
standard electrode, EDA model

Effects of Tai Chi Chuan Measured by Acceleration Plethysmography
Faculty of Liberal Arts, Tohoku-Gakuin University, Japan

Measurements using accelerated plethysmography1,2,3) were carried out for 80 persons aged twenty to seventy to obtain the dependence of blood circulation at the extremities of the body on pulse rate, demonstrating a negative correlation. In the middle-aged or elderly people, blood circulation, as indicated by the APG index, depended on their life styles, e.g., their daily sports practices. The effects of Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) were clarified by measurements before and after practicing TCC for 20-30 minutes.  The effects were a slight decrease of pulse rate and increase of blood circulation in the extremities. This tendency is apparently different from that observed for Japanese archery or soft-ball tennis.  The increase of blood flow after Tai Chi Chuan was also confirmed by using a single square voltage pulse method, an electrical measurement.  Moreover, the time variations of blood circulation during daily movement or mental tasks were investigated for the same subject.

Keywords:  acceleration plethysmogram, blood circulation states, pulse rate, Tai Chi Chuan, single square voltage pulse method, Japanese archery, soft-ball tennis

Chaos Theory Analysis of an Electroencephalogram and Pulse Wave Changes by Imagery
Takeo OKU1, Eri WATANABE2, Mayumi HIROSAKI 1, Sanae FUKUDA2 and Taro SHIRAKAWA2
1.Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University (Osaka, Japan)
2.Graduate school of Public Health, Kyoto University (Kyoto, Japan)

The purpose of the preseht work was to investigate the effects of visual iamgery, e.g. meditation, at meridian points on an electroencephalogram and pulse waevs by chaos theory analysis.  Imagery visualization of a sunlight incident at Dantian, Danzhong and Yingtang and of filling a bvody with sunlight showed a slowing halogram over the whole region during the imagery.  A remarkable increase of θ-waves and α1-waves was observed for a certain subject.  In addition, a decrease of the pulse interval and an increase of the intensity of pulse waves were observed upon imagery.  Chaos theory analysis showed that the Lyapunov exponent and entropy of brain waves increased during the imagery, and that the Lyapunov exponent of pulse waves decreased.  The present results indicated that the visual imagery promoted the neurochaos phenomenon based on the neuron activity and parasympathetic-division activity.

Keywords: EEG, brain waves, meridian point, imagery, pulse waves, chaos, entropy, Lyapunov exponent, visualization, meditation

Regional Brain Metabolism During Ergometer Exercise
Sabina KHONDKAR1, Toshihiko FUJIMOTO2 , Keiichiro YAMAGUCHI1, Mehedi MASUD1 ,
Targino R. SANTOS1, Shoichi WATANUKI1 , and Masatoshi ITOH1
1.Division of Nuclear Medicine, Cyclotron Radioisotope Center,
2.Department of Medicine and Science  in Sports and Exercise, Postgraduate School of Medicine, Tohoku University (Sendai, Japan)

The target of this study was to clarify the role of regional brain function by applying different exercise loads. This study was composed of two parts (quantitative and semi-quantitative) carried out discretely. Two kind of exercise tasks (14 and 26 participated) were loaded for 35 minutes followed by FDG injection. 3D brain scans and arterialized venous blood samples were collected during exercise for the quantitative approach. Brain areas activated or deactivated were searched with SPM 99 software. Quantitative analysis showed no activated region when the global value was not corrected at p<0.001 but absolute rate decreased with increase of task load. For image analysis, a linear increase in activity was found with exercise load in motor and pre-motor cortex and deactivation was found mostly in the base of the brain

Keywords: 18F-FDG, PET, brain metabolism, exercise, ergometer cycling

The Change of Cerebral Functions during Bi Xi Breathing as Observed by Optical Topography
Zaiwen SHEN, Tomoko ITOH and Masami ASAYAMA
Dept. of Health Sciences, Chukyo Women's University (Aichi, Japan)

Diao Xi (consciously regulating the breathing pattern) is an important basic step in Qigong training. Bi Xi breathing exercise is one of many methods of Qigong training. Our prior experiment identified significant rises in the temperature of hands and feet in the subjects when practicing the Bi Xi breathing exercises.  This increase showed that blood circulation had improved and led to a state of deep relaxation based on the changes of EEG and pulse.  In this study, we used optical topography (OT), to measure various brain functions.  This device measures the cerebral activity state caused by a change in the quantity of blood in the cerebral cortex when the Qigong master is practicing Bi Xi breathing exercise.  It showed an increase in the quantity of blood in the frontal lobes and a decrease in the parietal lobes during and after the Bi Xi breathing exercise.  We can compare the results of this experiment to those found in our prior experiment to determine the relationship of the increase of alpha and theta waves activities and the increased quantity of blood in the frontal lobes when doing Bi Xi breathing exercise.  The possibility of cerebrum development is also discussed.  

Keywords: Qigong, Bi Xi breathing exercise, optical topography, osygenated hemoglobin, deoxygenated hemoglobin, frontal lobes

Correlations between Cardiac Variability and Alpha /Theta Activities of EEG during Qigong Task
- A Circumstantial Evidence on Conversation of Mind and Body

Tong ZHANG1, Weizhong CHEN1, Nobuo FUKUDA 1, Hideo YOICHI1, Kimiko KAWANO 2,1 , Hideyuki KOKUBO1 and Mikio YAMAMOTO 1
1.National Institute of Radiological Sciences (Chiba, Japan)
2.Nippon Medical School (Tokyo, Japan)

In a previous report we discussed the results of EEG analysis and optical topography measurement with an experienced meditator. Now we have analyzed the data of cardiac variability of R-R interval and its correlation with slow wave activities of EEG. Compared with that of the control task, the breathing rate lowered to 0.1Hz, the LF/HF ratio increased (p<0.001), while HF/TP (total spectral power) decreased significantly (p<0.005) during qigong task, reflecting a shift of sympathetic dominance in cardiovascular system resulted from respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). The results are consistent with other studies on meditation and Zazen practitioners, indicating that increased oscillation amplitude during slow breathing is caused by resonance between cardiac variability caused by respiration and that produced by physiological processes underlying slow rhythms. On the other hand, close correlation was observed between LF/HF ratio and the power of alpha activity over Fp1, O1, T5 and T6, while between LF/HF ratio and theta power over C4 and T6 areas, which suggest the possibility of influence of general autonomic homeostasis on subjective psychological state during qigong task.

Keywords: qigong meditation, respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), LF/HF ratio, breathing rate, alpha activity, theta activity

Photon Counting Study of Reactive Oxygen Scavenging Ability of Foods
Yoshinori ADACHI1 and Takashi AOKI2
1.College of Business Administration and Information Science, Chubu University (Aichi, Japan)
2.College of Engineering, Chubu University (Aichi, Japan)

Though reactive oxygen promotes aging and is connected with diseases such as cancer, superoxide dismutase (SOD), originally provided to the human body is an enzyme whose function is scavenging reactive oxygen.  However, deterioration of the living environment and increasing stress lead to the amout of reactive oxygen being over the processing capacity of SOD; foods are required which work like SOD. In this study, light emission in scavenging reactive oxygen was measured, and reactive oxygen scavenging ability of liquid foods such as coffee, soymilk and so on were examined.  A very strong scavenging ability of coffee was recognized.

Keywords: reactive oxygen, SOD, photon, hydrogen peroxide, food

Change in the Intellectual and Physiological Functions of 160 Persons Who Studied in the Intermediate Class of Kurita's Speed Reading Course
Masahiro KURITA Gunma Paz Gakuen College (Gunma, Japan)

Kurita's Speed Reading System was first proposed in 1987.  The system began to be taught as a regular course in 1991, and by 2002 as many of 405 courses had been taught.  Detailed data on more than 13,000 students that passed through the course is now available.  The purpose of the training is to shift the conventional paradigm of character information to a new method which consists of "distributed input, parallel processing, and integrated output".  To achieve this purpose, the training uses the mind and body correlation in an original way, activates the route from the peripheral visual field to the subconsciousness, establishes a new transfer method for informaiton processing, and improves intellectual activity.  The present study examines the degree of improvement of intellectual function through a series of five-day classes in the intermediate level of this course.  The subjects comprised 160 adult participants enrolled in four intermediate classes held in 2001 and 2002. The average reading speeds tested just before the start of training in the beginning class, just before the start of training in the intermediate class, and just after the completion of training in the intermediate class were 916, 6,886, and 56,881 characters/min, respectively.  Compared to the reading speed in the first of the three reading tests, the reading speed increased an average of 63.7 times in the third test.  Compared to the reading speed, in the second of the three reading tests, the reading speed increased an average of 11.3 times in the third test.  The calculation speed (number of single digit additions performed within on eminute, treated as an index of work efficiency) rose from an average of 98 points to an average of 114 points, indicating average improvement in efficiency of 17%.  The maze unraveling speed (number of unit mazes solved within 20 seconds, treated as an index of cognitive ability) rose from an average of 21 points to an average of 36 points, indicating an average increase by a factor of 1.7.  The number of Kurita finger rotations accomplished, an index of the agility and skill of the motor system, increased remarkably.  The degree of bodily vigor was also increased.  These results suggest that the abilities of adult subjects increase more dramatically in the intermediate class of Kurita's speed reading course than in the beginning class.

Keywords: Kurita's speed reading, information processing, subconsciousness, intellectual function, reading speed, work efficiency, potential ability, finger rotation exercises

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Last Modified: March 25, 2003