||These abstracts of the articles in the Symposium Proceedings are preliminary reports and they are printed as provided by the authors who have full responsibility for their contents, which have not been edited by the editors of the Journal.
Report on The Trans-disciplinary Forum "Science and Technology Involved in Mind and Spirit"
A Study on the Relationship between alpha-waves and Business Performance (Part III)
-Analyses of changes of AMI values before and after alpha-wave training-
Abstract:It is qualitatively known that alpha-wave training favorably affects a person's mind and body. Its effect has been observed in such phenomena as the rise of extremity skin temperatures and stabilization of blood pressures. This study examines whether it is appropriate to use AP values as a yardstick to determine relaxing effects by investigating the correlation between alpha-wave training and AMI-AP values. As a result, it was found that AMI-AP values considerably decreased after alpha-wave training (in particular, when AP values were great before the training), indicating that it is appropriate to measure the relaxing effects based on the changes of AMI-AP values.
Keywords: alpha-wave, training, business, performance, AMI-AP
Measurement of Relaxing Effects from a Visit to the Beach
Change in Intellectual and Physiological Functions of 832 Persons Who Learned Kurita's Speed Reading System for Two Days
Abstract:Kurita's Speed Reading System was proposed in 1987. A consistent education started in 1991, and 362 classes ended by 2000. Detailed data of more than 10,000 students has been accumulated. The purpose of the training is to shift the conventional paradigm of character information to a new method which consists of " distributed input, parallel processing, and integrated output". The points of the training are to use the mind and body correlation in an original way, to activate the route from the peripheral visual field to the subconscisousness, to establish a new transfer method of information processing, and to improve intellectual activity. The degree of improvement of intellectual function through two-day beginner's training classes was examined in this study. 16 short-term courses of two days were held twice a year from 1992 to 2000 in Keio Plaza Hotel. Subjects were 832 adult participants of these classes. The reading speeds before the training were 850 characters/min on average. The reading speed after the training was 17000 characters/min on average, and the magnification became 17 times on average. The calculation speed (Number of single digit addition performed within one minute. Index of work efficiency.) went to 98 points on average from 70 points on average, and showed an average effcifiency improvement of 48%. The maze unraveling speed (Numver of unit mazes unraveled within 20 seconds. Index of cognitive ability.) became 20 points on average from 7 points, and increased by a factor of 3.2 on average. The vigor degree of the body has been improved, too. These results suggested that it is universally possible to cause such an eminent change in a general adult.
Keywords:Kurita's speed reading, information processing, subconsciousness, intellectual function, reading speed, work efficiency, potential ability
Effect of Light Exercise on the Elderly with Dementia
Abstract:In order to clarify the effect of light exercise on the elderly with dementia, a light exercise, to ring a bell to the thythm of a metronome, was carried out on elderly patients with dementia who had entered a geratric hospital. The analysis was performed with objecticve indices (neurometry, blood pressure, pulse, and skin surface temperature). Comparing the effect of light exercise to that of touch, the effect by light exercise appeared in the arm and that by touch appeared in the leg. Furthermore, blood pressure than the pulse were settled by light exercise, and a more remarkable change appeared in the blood pressure than the pulse. In addition, results of a language association test carried out on subjects gave the personality characteristic of the elderly with dementia with respect to personal relations and interests in externality, etc. Regarding relevance to objectve indices, ecven though there was a difficulty for statistical processing of language association test results, the subjects who had good results in objective indices tended to appropriately react to a stimulus word in language association test. This indicated validity of objective indices.
Keywords:elderly with dementia, light exercise, word association test, neurometry, skin electric conductivity, thermography
Physiology Effects When Wearing AP Fiber Cloth Containing Special Tourmaline Crystal Powder
Keywords:tourmaline, far-infrared ray, EEG topograph, R point voltage, parasympathetic nerve system, blood pressure, GSR
2D Cooled CCD Imaging of Delayed Luminescence
Abstract:Delayed luminescence is a weak light in the visible spectrum region, which decays hyperbolically after exposure to external light illumination of the sample. It has a diagnostic value, although its fundamental properties are not well understood yet. We constructed a chopper system, which allows the illumination of the object with 100 Hz pulses of light. We collected the DL emission data on cooled CCD for 2D imaging between pulses
Keywords:biophoton, hyperbolic decay, delayed luminescence imaging
Quantitative Evaluations of Health Promotion Methods Using Peripheral Blood Flow(2)
Abstract:We measured age dependence of tail angles of Americans of European origin and compared it with that of Japanese. From the measurements, we found a relationship between tail angle and pulse duration. Healthy subjects trained in sports with longer pulse duration tended to show lower tail angle. We proposed a modified attractor construction method which gives us tail angle independent of pulse duration. There was no significant difference between modified tail angles and age dependence of Americans and Japanese. Modified tail from around 20 to -40 degrees. The low values of the distribution decrease gradually or stay constant, in contrast, high values decrease more clearly.
Keywords:finger photoplethysmogram, tail angle, race, Japanese, Aerican, lifestyle, pulse duration
Change of Blood Oxygen Concentration, Electric Impedance of Skin and Pulse Wave Fractal Dimension by Different Kinds of Breathing
Abstract:The way of respiration can be consciously changed to some extent. By changing respiration, an effect appears in other paralysis attention organs, and it is used for bed rest and meditation. In this study, three kinds of breathing: usual respiration (usual respiration done without conscious feeling); Dantian respiration (abdominal breathing which concentrates the consciousness in the hypogastrium); and abdomen muscle vibration respiration (respiration which has expiration which imitates a laugh by being divided into several short times); were examined for their effect on blood oxygen concentration, electric impedance of skin and pulse wave type. Furthermore, the change of the pulse wave was verified using fractal dimension analysis. This examination showed pulse wave type, neurometry value, and blood oxygen dissolution rate greatly changed by changing the breathing, and the possibility of influencing other organs was found.
Keywords:respiration, pulse wave, fractal analysis, neurometry, blood oxygen dissolution rate
The Physiological Effect of Controlled Respiration and the Meaning of Respiration Method in Qigong Therapy
Abstract:This study focuses on breathing in qigong (which include three breathing techniques for body style, respiration and mind). When the person controls the time of breathing (inhalation and the exhalation time) consciously, compared with the rest condition, and that their physiological phenomena are influenced by SpO2, CO2, PPG, ECG and so on, are known. Qigong breathing methods, XIE (reducing) with longer exhalation and BU (reinforcing) with long inhalation, use abdominal respiration (inhalation with the nose, as the belly is expanded followed by exhalation as the belly is depressed ) are just one experiment in the long history of Qigong training. In this research we used breathing time as in a Qigong exercise (The Six-word Exercise ) and observed the physiological phenomena of the controlled respiration period. The results were as follows. 1. In the inhalation (5 seconds ) and exhalation (15 seconds) (5-15), compared with the rest time: the SpO2 increased, O2 decreased, and CO2 increased. After controlled respiration most subjects had a blood pressure change to a balanced value (higher pressure became lower, but lower became higher). 2. In longer inhalation (15-5): the SpO2 increased, but the O2 increased, and CO2 decreased. The blood pressure did not changed ovbiously, but the R-point of ECG had some increasing tendency.
Keywords:controlled respiration, inhalation, order abdomen respiration, qigong, SpO2, CO2, PPG, ECG, reinforcing and reducing
The Physiological Study of Ki in Ki Aikido (1)
Keywords:ECG, R point voltage, BPM, interval R-R analysis, autonomic nervous system, Ki respiration
Experiment on the Influence of Magnetic Fields on Ice Crystals
Keywords: ice crystals, hexagon crystals, crystal image method, magnetized water, memory effect
Biological Function in Terms of the Therapeutic Effect of Microwave Resonance Therapy
Keywords:Microwave resonance therapy, biological function, biological communication, electromagnetic field, restorative functional radiotherapy
An Experiment on Cerebral Activity during Visual Imagery (II)
Abstract:We reported the result of an experiment on visual imagery using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in this journal (18(2) 400-406, 2000). Now, the data of another experiment with the same task, on the same subject are analyzed. Compared with the control condition, differing from the result of last experiment, we saw the superior parietal lobe, visual area of the occipital lobe (Broadmann area 17, 18), superior temporal gyrus of the left hemisphere, and bilateral inferior frontal cortex, cerebellum are activated during the imagery condition. The result is analyzed according to the attention-network theory and compared with the activation during meditation
Keywords:attention, visual imagery, parietal association area, visual area, executive attentional network, meditation, f-MRI
Are "Meridian Points" and "Meridians and Collaterals" Memorized in the Brain?
Abstract: We have suggested "meridian points - the nervous network theory" so as to explain "meridian points" and "meridians and collaterals" (used in Oriental Medicine) phenomena. As experiments to support this theory, we studied brain tomography when the "Hibiki"-Resonance effect was obtained, using the technique of f-MRI, which can observe the brain function. Also, several papers have recently appeared, which applied the technique of f-MRI to acupuncture as we did in our project. These are summarized here with respect to our theory.
Keywords:f-MRI, meridians and collaterals - the nervous network theory, meridian points, meridians and collaterals, brain function
Psychoneuroimmunology : A Dialogue between the Brain and Immune System
Abstract: A number of important discoveries in immunology were made at the beginning of the last century, a period considered to be a watershed in the study of immunology. Subsequent to these discoveries, significant progress was made in molecular biology, molecular genetics, and cell biology, and this was reflected in immunology research. Over the ensuing years, it became clear that the immune system distingushes between self and non-self, and this is the fundamental defense mechanism employed in the survival of both indivisuals and species. This mechanism is both complex and delicately regulated. Study of the brain commenced after the initial breakthroughs in immunology, however development was rapid and instrumental in the discovery of an unexpected mechanism for the maintenance of living organisms. This mechanism involved a mutual regulation (i.e. crosstalk) of the brain and the immune system, and its study has come to be referred to as psychoneuroimmunology.
Keywords: psychoneuroimmunology, stress, cancer
Report of European Activities
-Institutes Related to Human Potential in the UK, Netherlands and Germany and the Fifth European Meeting of the Society for Scientific Exploration -
Abstract: The authors visited several European institutes carrying out research on anomalous cognition and anomalous perturbation in the United Kingdom, Netherlands and Germany from October 15 to October 29, 2000. The authors also attended the Fifth European Meeting of the Society for Scientific Exploration. In Europe, many Ganzfeld experiments has been done, often with an automated system. Each institute has substantial facilities, and recently one English institute has started constructing a directory of researchers and collaborators. European researchers have interests in East Asian studies, e.g. in Japan, China or Korea, therefore the development of a steady information supply from Japan is needed.
Keywords: Europe, UK, Netherlands, Germany, human potential, institute, society, parapsychology, anomalous somatic function
Measurements of Hand Temperature and Physiology during Qi-Emission Imaging
Abstract: When a qigong master uses his hands over another person, this receiver might answer “I felt temperature changes at the received part on my body”. Were there temperature changes of the qigong master's hands? These and other points are analyzed in experiment data to investigate physiology at the same time as the qi. In the experiment, the subject was a qigong expert who imaged qi-emission from his right palm. Skin temperatures of both palms were measured by a thermograph and a thermistor. Respiration patterns and pulse waves were also measured at the same time.As a result, the skin surface temperature of almost the whole right palm rose during the rest and fell during the qi-emission imaging. Respiration times and respiration depth were short and shallow during the rest, and long and deep during the qi-emission imaging. Temperature change of roukyu was observed on the right hand which the expart used to image. But almost no change of roukyu was observed for the left hand where qi-emission was not imaged.
Keywords:temperature, respiration, pulse rate, qi-emission imaging, roukyu
Skin Surface Temperature Changes of the Human Hand by Concentration
Abstract: The authors previously reported on the temperature decrease of the tip of a finger when the subject concentrated on emission of energy. In this research, the authors paid attention to the skin surface temperature change by this concentration exercise, and measured temperatures of the hand surface by thermography in order to clarify the correlation of consciousness and living body functions. The drop of the skin surface temperature during consciousness and increase of the skin surface temperature during relaxation were observed.
Keywords:consciousness, concentration, skin surface temperature, thermography
Effects of EQR Irradiation on Forced Swimming in Mice
Abstract:One of the present authors has developed an EQR (emission from quartz resonance) generator for a new trial to produce artificially 'qi' as is emitted by a qigong master. Mice were irradiated with the EQR generator and the effect on the animals' stamina was investigated. Diet-controlled mice were divided into two groups: an EQR-irradiated group; and a non-irradiated group (control). The experimental animals were subjected to forced swimming in a water-filled tank with a rotating drum and in a water-filled tank without a rotating drum for 15 min each. The periods of active swimming movement in both groups were then compared. There were no significant differences in the swimming times (as measured in the tanks with and without the rotating drum) of either group when given an adequate diet (5g/day). However, when the diet was restricted to 2g per day, after 4 days, the swimming time of the EQR-irradiated group significantly exceeded that of the non-irradiated group. These findings suggest that EQR irradiation has an inhibitory effect on stamina depletion due to an inadequate diet.
Keywords: EQR irradiation, swimming time, physical stamina, rectal temperature, remnant feed
Welcome to the New Century for Life Information
Abstract: The 21st century is expected to become “the century for Life Information.” In the 20th century efficiency was given the highest priority and we had pursued material satisfaction. Now, we need to move away from such materialism and create a new paradigm which contributes to spiritual satisfaction. Research on “Life Information” will be one of the most important research areas. In this lecture some experimental data relating to spiritual phenomena are reported and the directions of science and technology in the 21st century are discussed.
Keywords: 21st century, Life Information, new paradigm, mind-body interaction, spirit, consciousness
Is There Anything in External Qigong Other Than Placebo Effects?
Skin Temperature Changes of Receiver’s Hand in Remote Action Experiment
Abstract:While normal information transmission routes (the senses of sight, hearing etc.) were cut off, two persons performed to-ate (an ancient Japanese martial art). The two persons were placed in separate rooms during the experiment; the sender emitted qi only once during an 80-second trial on double blinded and randomized conditions. The physiological data of the receiver were measured during this remote action. A change of the receiver’s hand surface temperature was detected when she said she had felt the qi. From average data of trials, it was shown that her hand surface temperature at the laogong point increased during the experiment. However, before and after the sending time there was no obvious change of temperature.
Keywords: direct mental interaction with living system (DMILS), remote action, laogong point, hand surface temperature, qigong
Quantitative Analysis of Physiological Reactions to Receivers by Wai Qi
Abstract: Recently, many people are interested in Wai Qi therapy and various kinds of life energy treatment methods, and many clinical reports on them are being published. We looked into the scientific grounds for Wai Qi therapy. In the experiment to avoid suggested effects to receivers of Wai Qi as much as possible, we devised a condition so that receivers can not feel the Qigong master's movement or hear movement or breathing sound when the Qigong master is doing Fa Gong (projecting the Qi). We made quantitative analysis of physiological reactions such as EEG, respiration, ECG and pulse rate of the receivers in order to study the mechanism of Wai Qi more deeply.
Keywords: Qigong, Wai Qi (external Qi), respiration, ECG, pulse
Measurements of Biophysical and Mental Effects due to Remote Qi Healing
Abstract:The effects of remote healing, which is practiced as an extension of Qi gong or healing were investigated by scientific measurements. In this experiment, a Qi gong master in Tokyo sent Qi energy to two receives in Sendai, approximately 300 km away. The biolosical change of the receivers in remote healing were measured using a single square voltage pulse method, which indicates change of blood flow and functions of the autonomic nervous system, and near infrared photometry which monitors oxygen consumption in the brain. The receivers exhibited body actions where they habitually had trouble, depression in the abdomen and visions of light images when they experienced remote Qi gong healing. They also reported that they found themselves fulfilled or satisfied mentally and physically after receiving Qi energy. Biophysical changes, which occured in remote healing were observed stimultanesously.
Keywords: remote healing, single square voltage pulse method, skin impedance, autonomic nervous system, blood flow, near infrared photometry, Qi-gong, consciousness
EEG Changes of Qigong Masters and Their Receivers in Remote Qi Emission
Abstract:EEG changes were measured with three masters of different types of qigong and their qi receivers who were waiting for qi at a distance of approximately 4 km from the masters. After a 40-minute resting condition, qi was sent three times during a 40-minute test session. One trial of qi-sending lasted from 5 to 10 minutes. The instruction of 'emit' or 'quit' was given to a sender by an experimenter present at the sender's location. At the receiver's location, neither experimenter nor receiver knew anything but the beginning and the ending time of the test session. After the test, another 40-minute resting period was set and residual effects were examined. As results, alpha waves of the senders and receivers tended to change synchronously for each pair regarding amplitude and peak frequency. However, for neither alpha amplitude nor peak frequency could any significant differences be found between the values during sending and non-sending.
Keywords: EEG, qigong, remote emission, alpha wave
Abstract:Three qigong masters who possessed high-level of qigong technique, but of different methods of the technique, participated in a remote qi emission experiment. Six receivers were located 2-4km away from the sender. Levels of cortisol, adrenaline, noradrenaline, dopamine, and beta-endorphin in venous blood were stimltaneously measured to investigate any changes. After remote qi emission was applied to the receivers for a period of 40 minutes, plasma cortisol and noradrenaline declined significantly. The adrenaline level also declined. Consequently, the receivers were relieved of stress and relaxed. This was believed to be caused by a decline in the sympathetic nerve activity. Similar changes were acknowledged in remote qi emission and qigong therapy. This suggested that the remote qi emission affected the receivers.
Keywords: remote qi emission, cortisol, adrenaline, noradrenaline, dopamine, beta endorphin
Last Modified: March 19, 2001
International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS)
All right reserved.