Journal of ISLIS

Vol24, No.2, September 2006

Journal of International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS) 


[Original Research Paper]Peer Reviewed

The Biological Rhythm in Cerebral Infarction During the Acute Stage Is Associated with Sleep Disorder at the Chronic Stage
Yasuhisa DAIMON, Hidehiro TAKEKAWA, Atsuko EBATA, Keisuke SUZUKI,
Tomoyuki MIYAMOTO, Masayuki MIYAMOTO, and Koichi HIRATA
Abstract: Circadian rhythm with ~24 h periodicity is the most basic and strongest biological rhythm. However, there have been reports of bed-ridden patients with neurodegenerative diseases and unclear circadian rhythm. Sequelae of cerebral infarction include sleep and motor disturbances. Additionally, these are risk factors which induce impairment of quality of life (QOL). We investigated whether biological rhythm disorder in the acute stage of cerebral infarction is associated with sleep disorder in the chronic stage. Thirty-five patients with initial cerebral infarction hospitalized within 48 h of onset and without pyrexic diseases were included in the study. To determine biological rhythmicity, rectal temperature was measured at the acute stage within 48 h of onset at 1-min intervals for 48 h using Mini-Logger 2000. Spectral analyses were performed with the maximum entropy method (MEM). Pittsburgh Sleep Quality index was used to evaluate sleep disorder on day 21 after onset or later. In the group that had clear circadian rhythm, sleep disorder was found for 20.8%, but in the group that had unclear circadian rhythm, 63.6% had sleep disorder (P < 0.05). At the acute stage of cerebral infarction, some patients had biological rhythm disorder which may be complicated with sleep disorder at the chronic stage, and it may inhibit QOL.
Keywords:cerebral infarction, circadian rhythm, sleep disorder, rectal temperature, MEM spectra analyses

The 22nd Symposium on Life Information Science
September 2-3, 2006
Tokyo Denki University, Tokyo

<President Lecture> Advocating Higher Dimensional Medical Treatment
Abstract: Despite the high standards demanded of conventional medical treatments and the incredible developments in investigative technologies, the reason that diseases remain without cures is that the true nature of disease has eluded conventional medical science. Illnesses caused by mental stress and unhealthy lifestyles can be treated using conventional medicine, but the rest are caused by a lack or stagnation of qi or are spiritual illness. In recent years alternative medicine has finally been gaining acceptance and treatment through integrative medicine is beginning to be offered. However, this is not enough and there must be a higher dimensional medical treatment that incorporates spiritual medical treatment. Here, I will introduce a medical case in which the incredible results of spiritual medical treatment and a high-level qigong master were recognized.
Keywords: higher dimensional medical treatment, spiritual illness, cerebral aneurysms, prostate cancer

Session <Qigong & Human Potential>

Physiological Effects of Respiration Methods in Inner Qigong

Yoshio MACHI and Chao LIU
Abstract:The most important practice in qigong is the "three adjustments." Using physiological measurements, we studied respiration during three different kinds of inner qigong: standing posture qigong, six-word-practice, and ney yang gong. Standing posture qigong is a method, which delays the period of respiration, compared with normal respiration. During rest, respiration frequency is about 15 times the abdominal respiration in one minute. In qigong, we found that this number came down to about five times a minute. Furthermore, the respiration during this type of qigong changed into deep respiration. During the six-word-practice, a qigong master vocalizes the necessary letters, but it is understood that he performs a slow, repeating, and deep respiration. Respiration in ney yang gong is not only inhalation and expiration; the point at which the respiration was stopped is also important. All the three types of qigong were characterized by a decrease in blood oxygen level at the beginning. Heart rate increased in the standing posture qigong and six-word-practice, and there was an increase in the blood pressure. There was an equal elevation in blood pressure in the hard type of ney yang gong, while blood pressure decreased in the soft type. Our conclusion is that parasympathetic line becomes dominant in respiration if expiration is not followed by an immediate aspiration.
Keywords: three controllable items, standing posture qigong, six-word-practice, nei yang gong, physiological measurements, autonomic nervous system, respiration methods.

Analysis of ECG Signals by Wavelet Transform during Standing Posture Qigong
Shogo TSUNEGI, Chao LIU, Yoshio MACHI
Abstract: In this study, ECG was measured during the standing posture and walking exercises, and analyzed using wavelet transform. Consequently, during these exercises, a pattern was seen that is different in the ECG waveform during cardiac beat rise. From this result, it is possible that during standing posture and walking exercises, the methods of activity of the autonomic nervous system differ.
Keywords: wavelet transform, internal qigong, standing posture qigong, sympathetic nerve, parasympathetic nerve

Relation Between Physiological Change and Breathing in Qigong
Hirokazu YOSHIDA, Chao LIU, Yoshio MACHI
Abstract:We considered the relation between breathing in qigong and change in autonomous never activity by correlating the change in autonomous nerve activity with the movement of the abdomen and chest while breathing. We found that the autonomous nerves become predominantly sympathetic when the chest contracts. In the case of vomiting, sympathetic nerves are activated and the autonomous nerves replace parasympathetic predominance by absorbing breath.
Keywords: standing posture qigong, abdominal breathing, sympathetic nerve, parasympathetic nerve, PWTT/R-R,

Evaluation of Non-contact Healing Using Biophotons
Hideyuki KOKUBO, Mikio YAMAMOTO and Kimiko KAWANO
Abstract:This study evaluates the effect of non-contact healing such as laying-on-of-hands and prayer using biophotons. Pairs of samples of Cucumis sativus were measured by a highly sensitive detector for 18 h, and the intensity of biophotons from the experimental sample was compared with the control. Measurements were done for three groups, non-treatment, healing, and thermal treatment, in which experimental samples were stressed by a heat pool at 40°C. There was no difference in the intensity between the experimental and control samples in the non-treatment and thermal treatment groups. However, in the healing group, the intensity of biophotons from the experimental samples was significantly greater than the control samples (p = 0.002, two-tailed paired t-test). In addition, quantitative evaluation for the effect of non-contact healing was possible by using, as an index, a logarithm of the ratio of intensities of biophotons from experimental and control samples.
Keywords: biophotons, Cucumis sativus, healing, laying-on-of-hands, prayer, standard method, evaluation, direct mental interaction with living system, DMILS

<Report of the Board of Directors, ISLIS>

The 11 Year Progress of the International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS)

Abstract: The 11 year activity and the present status of the International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS ) is reported. ISLIS was to celebrate the 10th Anniversary of Founding in autumn 2005. ISLIS seeks to realize the paradigm shift frommaterial-orien- ted science and technology to a new paradigm including the consciousness, spirit and mind through research based on empirical and positive scientific methodologies, and consequently, to promote the development of health, social welfare, and education as well as social and personal peace of mind, and to contribute to the making of a peaceful world, at one with nature. Since the foundation of ISLIS in 1995, 22 symposia have been held and 22 issues of the Journal of ISLIS have been published periodically. ISLIS held the "Human Potential Science International Forum" in Chiba, Japan in 2002 and the "International Conference on Mind Body Science" in Seoul, Korea in 2004. It published the book "Human Potential Science" in 2004. There are ISLIS Information Centers at 9 places in the world and about 250 ISLIS members in 10 countries. The ISLIS Head Office moved to the International Research Institute (IRI ), Chiba, Japan in April 2005. ISLIS has promoted the 10th Anniversary Campaign to increase its membership; this is critical for the Society to have an important role in Human Potential Science in the 21st century. The budget status of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is reported.
Keywords: International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS ), Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, publication of a book, human potential science, mind body, parapsychology, qigong, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), integrative medicine

Session <Others> Influence of Jasmine Fragrance Stimulation on Acceleration Pulse Waveform
Takashi AOKI and Yoshinori ADACHI
Abstract:Recently, there is increasing utilization of various fragrances in the field of complimentary therapy. This therapy is called aromatherapy. When fragrance stimulation reaches the olfactory nerve center, it influences the autonomic nervous systems, making changes in pulse waves. The purpose of this research was to determine how the fragrance stimulation influences height ratios (b/a, c/a and d/a), where a, b c, d mean wave heights of elemental waves a, b, c, d composing an acceleration pulse waveform. As a result, b/a was significantly decreased by jasmine fragrance stimulation, while c/a and d/a were not affected. This experimental result suggested that the extensibility of blood vessels was increased by jasmine fragrance. After the stimulation was stopped, all the ratios returned to their initial state within about 5 minutes.
Keywords: jasmine fragrance, aromatherapy, pulse waveform, blood vessel extensibility

Effect of Rotational Magnetic Field Irradiation on Rectal Temperature of Mice
Yoshinori ADACHI, Takashi AOKI and Katsushi YOSHIDA
Abstract:The effect of the weak rotational magnetic field on the organism was examined using the mice with intense physical strength consumption by controlled bait was used. As a result of experiment using 2 kinds of magnetic field strength, i.e. generated from 2.5mA and 3.5mA alternating current, the rise of the rectal temperature by the irradiation was admitted for both 2.5mA and 3.5mA groups. Though a steady effect continued in 2.5mA group, the effect was not admitted by half of mice in 3.5mA group on the way. From these observations, it is able to be confirmed that the rotational magnetic field affected rectal temperature of the mice, though it is necessary to set magnetic field strength suitable for the organism.
Keywords: rotational magnetic field, rectal temperature, mouse

Effect of Oxygen Metabolism in Brain to Virtual Reality Stimulus and the Mental Scaling
Xudong DUAN, Lan HONG, Manabu TASHIRO, Di WU,
Tomoyuki YAMBE,Shin-ichi NITTA and Masatoshi ITOH
Abstract:A head-mounted display was used as the three-dimensional image presentation device and "Descent," a free software shooting game, was used as the software. 12 healthy adult male volunteers were used in this experiment after obtaining their informed consent. The oxygen metabolic change in the anterior lobe of the brain was measured by near infrared spectroscopy and recorded on an electrocardiogram. The mental scaling tendency of the object was analyzed using the type A behavior pattern and the Hostility scaling. All measured time series data were kept in the normal range, and no fatal arrhythmia or epilepsy were observed during experiments. In some cases, the brain oxygen metabolism may completely differ for the objects of Type A and Type B behavior patterns. The results in this study suggest that the autonomic function was connected to the mental tendency of the objects. By examining such directivity, it is expected that subjects, which show morbid reaction to an audiovisual stimulation, can be screened beforehand.
Keywords: Virtual Reality (VR), type A behavior pattern, hostility scale, social support quantity

Relation between light strength and electrical potential of air charged by negative ions   
Shoji SUZUKI,Yoshinori ADACHI and Kenta ITO
Abstract:It is said that negative ions are good for human health. In this paper, the relation between the electrical potential of negative ions and optical strength was examined. First, the air was negatively electrified with a device that generated negative ions. The potential of the air when the source of light was changed and light was irradiated to air was measured. It was clarified that there was a strong correlation between strength of the potential of air and the irradiated light. As a result, it has been understood that the pattern of the electrical change of air was greatly different even by the same illuminance depending on the kind of the source of light.
Keywords: negative ion, electrical potential, light intensity, illuminance.

<Special Lecture 1>
Life Science of Gravity-changing Stress;Modulation of UV-mutagenicity in human RSb cells by serum factors from volunteers who experienced parabolic flight
Nobuo SUZUKI , Xiao-Jun CHI, Shunji TAKAHASHI, Jun NOMURA, Shigeru SUGAYA,
Yoshinobu ICHIMURA, Ling ZHAI, Xiaobo TONG and Kazuko KITA
Abstract:Change of genetic information is thought to result in biological evolution, and therefore it is intriguing for us whether human beings are going to evolve in the future, due to the change. On the other hand, mutation, cased by genetic-information change, is induced under various environmental conditions and the genetic-information instability may happen to cancer development, leading to death.
Keywords: evolution, human, mutation, gene, gravity, serum, interferon

<Special Lecture 2>
Total Health Clinic System as a social medical experimentation
Masahiro OCHIAI and Hiroko OCHIAI
Abstract:This is a progress report of Total Health Clinic System that is currently under development as a social medical experimentation. Total Health Clinic System is a system that organically integrates carefully selected elite institutions of various modern medical practices and alternative healthcares with a core of public health clinic. The features of the core public health clinic are the followings:
1. Its main purpose is to realize pleasant, healthy, economically sound and active organization.
2. It provides health management services including organization diagnosis and organization planning for each company and region, along with providing individual medical examinations and group seminars.
3. Therapeutic management of disease is not its main object. Instead, it emphasizes the aspect of ability development, and provides proposals about fundamental aspects, such as recreation, nutrition and exercise based on our daily lives. (Chemically synthesized drugs and surgeries are not advised.)
4. It carefully selects various specialized institutions of modern medical practices and alternative healthcares, integrates them organically, and cooperates with members of them.
Keywords:Total Health Clinic System, socal medical experimentation, integrate, public health clinic, selected elite institutions

<Special Lecture 3>
International Parapsychological Studies in Japan and South American Countries
Hideyuki KOKUBO
Abstract:The author has conducted research on parapsychological phenomena in collaboration with South American researchers. This paper deals with (1) distant healing intentions for autistic patients, (2) field RNG research on religious rituals in Brazil, and (3) psi-inducive training.
Keywords:parapsychology, Japan, Brazil, Chile, Peru, Argentina, autistic patients, remote healing, ritual, field RNG, psi-inducive training

<Panel Discussion>
Panel Discussion on Distant Effects and Distant Healing
Mami KIDO, Jiro AIKO, Hobun SASAKI, Takashi SAIJO,
Yasumitsu FUJITANI, Katsuyuki TAKAHASHI
The coordinator of this panel discussion, Mami KIDO, has once received a letter saying that "People in our group practice distant healing among our families casually almost every day, but studying distant healing scientifically seems to be very difficult." This fact was quite a shock to me. Actually, there are several well known groups who practice distant healing, that means a great number of people can do it. In this panel, representatives of five such groups gather and discuss about distant healing. It would be significant if mutual discussions clarify common or different features among these methods and able to derives evidence and essence of distant phenomena.
Keywords:Distant effects, Distant healing, Silva Method (SMC), Perfect Harmony, Reiki, Clear Sight Healing, Undertake-type Qi-gong

Session<Brain Imaging of Emotion>
Brain Imaging of Emotion
Masatoshi ITOH and Manabu TASHIRO
Abstract:Emotion is a general term for subjective feelings of individuals such as happiness, sadness, anger, and so on. Emotion is related fundamentally to preserve species and individuals. For example bad odor alerts animals not to eat while pleasant perfumes act like pheromones to lure the opposite sex. Emotion includes at least three principal components, (1) physiological changes such as autonomic responses, (2) changes expressed in behaviors like facial expressions, and (3) components recognizable and being expressed by words. Most researches in the past handled the above three elements as indexes of emotion. Recently thanks to progress in brain imaging techniques, we have 4th overt element of emotion. Emotion is expressed on regional anatomical brain maps as activation or deactivations of distinct brain areas. P.MacLean explained our brain as a composition of three evolutionally distinct layers, the neocortex, reptilian, and limbic brain (Triune Brain in Emolusion, 1990). He explained the limbic system or intermediate brain between the neocortex and the reptilian brain is responsible for emotion. Activations in these regions create feeling of emotion. The limbic brain is evolutionally created to regulate the autonomic nervous system and primitive (reptilian) brain. In mammals it intervenes or relay signals between the neocortex and primitive brain. Sensory information is processed in the limbic brain and is transmitted to the neocortex with a tag of emotion. The tags help us to select necessary signals to be processed and stored. This session reviews recent progress in brain imaging related to emotion.
Keywords:PET, fMRI, emotion, brain, limbic system

Neural basis of human emotion and memory
Maki SUZUKI, Toshikatsu FUJII, Nobuhito ABE, Manabu TASHIRO,
Etsuro MORI and Masatoshi ITOH
Abstract:Emotional valence of memory content has been shown to influence episodic memory. On the other hand, it has been known that people can remember better when mood (emotional context) at memory retrieval is matched to mood at encoding. In the present study, we used positron emission tomography (PET) with [15O]H2O to investigate brain areas sensitive to the effect of emotional context congruency between the encoding and retrieval settings. Behavioral data showed significant difference between negative emotional context congruent and incongruent condition. For PET data, main effect for emotional context congruency was found in the left parahippocampal gyrus, the right lateral prefrontal area and the right lateral occipital cortex. Our data add further evidence to the notion of the interaction between emotion and episodic memory.
Keywords:emotion, memory, brain, amygdala, medial temporal lobe, hippocampus, neuroimaging, positron emission tomography (PET)

Heart rate variability in autonomic Function and Localization of Cerebral Activity during inhalation of perfumed fragrances
Xudong DUAN, Manabu TASHIRO, Di WU,
Tomoyuki YAMBE,Shin-ichi NITTA and Masatoshi ITOH
Abstract:Changes in autonomic nervous activity are induced by emotional stress. Determined whether power spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) could detect changes in autonomic tone following relaxation smelling lavender aroma. Healthy young women subjects (n = 10, 23±3 years) underwent continuous electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring before and after the fragrance was administered. HRV was expressed as low (0.04-0.15 Hz) and high (0.15-0.40 Hz) frequency components (LF, HF) and the LF/HF ratio. Increases of parasympathetic tone were suggested after smelling lavender aroma as seen in increases in HF and decreases in LF/HF. FDG-PET measurements revealed metabolic reductions in the right superior temporal gyms and right postcentral gyrus and activations in the left posterior part of the cingulate gyrus. These results implied that smelling lavender aroma induced not only relaxation but also increased arousal level in these subjects.
Keywords:lavender aroma, heart rate variability, FDG-PET, relaxation

Brain Mechanism from Visceral Perception to Emotion
Abstract:Clarifying functional module of the brain in response to visceral stimulation is one of keys to understand the mechanism of emotion. That is because the brain is thought to form primitive emotion by integration of interoceptional signal. Antonio Damasio has suggested that when we think about the potential consequences of a behavior, the memory of our emotional state (visceral experinces) in similar circumstances may provide useful information for evaluating the behavior. Therefore, research on "gut feeling" is important not only for clarifying pathegenesis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) but also for understanding the mechanism of emotion. In studies of positron emission tomography (PET) with injection of H2[15O], colonic distention pressure-dependently induced visceral perception and anxiety, which significantly correlated with activation of specific regions of the brain including the prefrontal, anterior cingulate, parietal cortices, insula, pons, and the cerebellum. Specific triphasic cerebral evoked potential of N1, P1, and N2 was obtained with the rectal electrical stimulation. Colonic distention induced a significant decrease in the alpha power and a significant increase in the beta power of electroencephalogram (EEG). Some molecules which modifies brain-gut interactions were identified. They were at least corticotropin-releasing hpormone, histamine, and serotonin. These data suggest that the functional module of the brain in response to the visceral perception is present. Besides, the abnormal consequence of stimulation-evoked arousal and emotion may relate to pathophysiology of IBS. Further research on brain-gut interactions will provide useful knowledge about life information science.
Keywords:brain, emotion, visceral perception, PET

Session<Healing & Therapies>
Theories of Healing/Therapy and their Authenticity
Abstract:In starting this healing/therapy session, an overview is presented with common images from the scientific studies in this field. First, we review the author's previous data related to healing and ther-apy, and then, the author's recent data on the use of sound and music is introduced in the discussion.
Keywords:healing, therapy, EEG, alpha-wave, high-frequency sound

Scientific Study on the Healing Power of Prayer
Yasuharu NAKAMURA and Kimiko KAWANO
Abstract:Prayer has power to heal not only oneself but also other people. In this study, the EEG (electroencephalogram) of a praying man was measured during the prayer. The subject in this study was this author himself. The relationship between the results of the EEG and the content of his consciousness during the prayer was examined. This type of the prayer was "The World Peace Prayer", a kind of meditation. The results indicated the following changes during the second half of a 10 minute prayer. The α wave in frontal area enlarged. The lag time of the α phase between the frontal and occipital areas became extremely small. The α frequency in the occipital area became lower while θ wave enlarged in both the frontal and occipital area. A different study on another type of prayer, "In for purification", was performed by measuring the bio-photon level of a plant. The experiment proved that the "In" gives an active life force to living things.
Keywords:EEG, prayer, In, frontal α wave, lag time of α phase, bio-photon

A Model of Psycho-Educational Approach for Spirituality Types Divided by the 3 Factors of Will, Joy and Sense with the Principle of Primary Light Color       

Manami OZAKI and Takeo OKU
Abstract:The first purpose of this study is to propose a model of the Psycho-educational approaches according to the type of spirituality based on the 3 factor spirituality theory. The second purpose is to use the principle of primary light colors, to show the traits of spirituality visually and to give information for future investigations to connect psychology and physics on the research of spirituality. The 3 factor spirituality theory was lead through a series of research using SBAS‐TEST which has been developed to measure spirituality appeared as an individual's psychological maturity level. According to the high-low scores of 3 factors, Will, Joy and Sense, 8 spirituality types are formed. Each type has its own trait and the specific psycho-educational approach for each type was proposed. The ideal state of the 3 factors, will, joy, and sense, of spirituality represent The truth, The beautiful and The good. We apply the primary light colors blue, red, and green for the 3 factors, will, joy and sense respectively. By using the principle of primary light colors the traits of the spirituality was able to be explained visually. We also tried to integrate and sort the traditional psycho-educational approaches based on the 8 spirituality types. For the lack of will the approaches focusing on behavioral and cognitive level is appropriate. For the lack of joy the existential level, for the lack of sense the approaches to focus on transcendental level are considered to be useful.
Keywords:Spirituality, Psycho-educational approach, primary light color, Will, Joy, Sense, model, type

Consciousness Information Models of Nonlocal Medicine Based on Quantum Holographic Cosmology
Takeo OKU
Abstract:The purpose of the present work was to investigate a mechanism of human health by constructing a model of human consciousness and mind as information and energy from the viewpoints of quantum theory and holographic cosmology. It is believed that omnipresent information and energy in the whole universe's spacetime would be related to nonlocal information based on the holographic principle, and that its localized state would be recognized as individual consciousness. From energy transformation of consciousness information to coherent tunneling photons and its energy transformation in brain cells as described by quantum brain dynamics, a weak voltage of the brain waves, chemical formation and control of hormone in brain would occur. As a result, it is believed that the consciousness information would affect the DNA which would be transferred to the whole human body. Two models of synchronicity were proposed as a mechanism of nonlocal medicine. The first model for synchronicity has resonance information of consciousness information IC1(r1, it1) and nonlocal information INL (r, -it) including health information, expressed by the imaginary time on a 3-dimensional boundary hologram. The synchronicity phenomenon of nonlocal medicine with the information quantity ISH occurs in the 4-dimensional space-time rSH and real time tSH in the overlapped region of the phenomena and consciousness. The second model proposed that the resonance [(px-Et)C = n(px-Et)Univ] region of the consciousness wave function ΨC = Aei(px-Et)/? and the wave function of the nonlocal information ΨNL appear in the usual 4-dimensional spacetime, and then nonlocal healing occurs. In addition, a possible physical description (INL → IC → hv → mc2) is shown for nonlocal medicine, psychosomatic medicine and holistic medicine that heals the whole human being. Especially, the IC is a hologram including information of the whole universe even though the diluted information, and nonlocal healing could occur for nonlocal information resonance by concentration on the inner consciousness.
Keywords:consciousness, information, quantum theory, holographic principle, nonlocal medicine, spiritual healing, synchronicity, psychosomatic medicine, holistic medicine

Empathetic transportation within a life space structured with imagery domains of personality,
in the light of a therapeutic paradigm named as 'Virtual Mode Unfolding'
Toshinori NAKAMURA
Objectives: While we have assessed trauma with child abuse, diffuse brain injury caused by tumor and emergency injury like TBI (traumatic brain injury), one of the most effectively interventional breaking through should be proposed. In the present research, we report its extra-corporal modeling with imagery domains of personality, and a resolved answer within post-structuralism for the brain and soul dualism, i.e., with using clinical outcomes and cortical representations on brain imaging.

Session<Motion logger: Introducing to activity monitoring>
The latest model of the mini-motionlogger Actigraph made By Ambulatory Monitoring Inc. U.S.A. (A.M.I)
Yuji Gotoh
This is used for clinical assessment of sleep disorders such as insomnia, sleep-wake Rhythm disorders and it's unique advantage, the method are described more in detail as follows (The Actigraph make by Ambulatory monitoring Inc is the first registration (13B2X00346) in Japan according to pharmacentral department ministry of labor, heath and welfare.)

Actigraphical Recording in Normal Adult Subjects
Toru NAKAJIMA, Shinichiro TANAKA, Fusae KONDOU and Asami SUZUKI
Abstract: Actigraph is usually attached to the wrist of subjects. So, where in the body the actigraph mainly measures in motion is sometimes discussed. In the present study, we studied the correlation of actigraphical data obtained simultaneously from body, arm, and wrist. Correlation coefficient among every two data show more than 0.8, which indicate that actigraphical data reflects not only the motion of the body but the wrist.
keywords:actigraph, normal volunteers, different part of body, correlation coefficient

Actigraph: application for clinical situation
Amount of activity increase during sleep in type-2 diabetes mellitus patients
Fusae KONDO, Toru NAKAJIMA, Asami SUZUKI, Shinichiro TANAKA, Toshiaki TANAKA
Tatsuhiro SIMOYAMA, Keiko HANDA, Izumi ASAMA, Yoshihiko KOGA and Hitoshi ISHIDA
Abstract:The present study investigated patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) using a portable physical activity measuring device (hereafter referred to as "Motionlogger Actigraph"). The level of activity during sleep, the results from the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Oguri-Shirakawa-Azumi (OSA) sleep inventory, and the HbA1c level were analyzed. The results revealed that the level of activity (mG) during a non-active period (sleeping period) was higher in patients with T2DM than in the elderly; thus, increases in the level of activity upon sleep onset and that due to waking were assumed to occur in patients with T2DM. It was observed that the PSQI (Global) score tended to be higher as the level of HbA1c became higher; however, no significant difference was observed (r = 0.30, p = 0.304). According to the analysis of the result from the OSA sleep inventory (AM version), the scores in some subjects for "I. Sleepiness upon rising" and "II. Sleep onset and sleeping time" were lower than the average scores of the general public. Thus, it was suggested that it is possible that sleep disorders appear in patients with T2DM before they became aware of their inability to fall asleep.
Keywords:Type 2 Diabetes, During Sleep, Actigraph, PSQI, OSA

Clinical Application of Aromatherapy

Herbal EssencesR Improves Sleep Architecture in Normal Young Females

Toru NAKAJIMA, Yoshihiko KOGA and Atsuko KITAMORI
Abstract:We studied the effects of Herbal EssencesR (HE) on sleep in 8 normal healthy young luteal females. The sleep architecture and the core body temperature are measured during sleep period after HE or control shampoo (Ctl) with crossover design. HE significantly increased the stage-2 sleep and shortened the latency to stabilize the core body temperature compared with Ctl.
Keywords:Herbal Essences, polysomnography, sleep stage, core body temperature

Session<Alternative and Integrative Medicine>
Practice of Integrative Medicine and Hopes for ISLIS
Abstract:Integrative medicine is spreading gradually in our country, but there is still much criticism against alternative medicine due to lack of evidence. It is difficult to clarify energetic and vibrational medicine, which uses invisible information, by old scientific approaches. New evaluation methods other than EBM are required. We hope that ISLIS, which has obtained various results in Qi-Gong and potential capability, will lead the way in developing new scientific evaluation methods in the field of integrative medicine.
Keywords:complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), integrative medicine, dentistry, Bi-Digital O-ring Test, vibrational medicine, energetic medicine

Evaluation of Anatomical Positional Changes of the Spine on Pre and Post Chiropractic Treatment
Takeshi OGURA,Keiichiro YAMAGUCHI, Osamu SONE, Naoya KIMURA,
Tamae ISHIGAKI and Masatoshi ITO
Abstract:MR images were taken on 14 volunteers at pre and post chiropractic treatment, and anatomical position of the lumbar spine was evaluated on the images. Decreasing lumbar lordosis was observed on hyperlordosis group, and increasing lumbar lordosis was observed on hypolordosis group using the changes of sacral base angle and L5-S1 disc angle. These results suggest that chiropractic treatment has a possibility to change anatomical position of the human spine.
Keywords:chiropractic, lumbar lordosis, sacral base angle, lumbar sacral disc angle, lumbalgia

<Bach Flowe Remedies Mini Session>
The Study of Bach Flower Remedies as Premedication
Shigeyoshi TOYOTA
Abstract: Preoperative anxiety & tension can cause mental stress for patients who are about to undergo the operation. Rescue remedy, a combination of Bach Flower Remedies, is said to alleviate various stresses. Thus, we studied the usefulness of Rescue Remedy as premedication. The subjects were divided into 2 groups: One which was administered Rescue Remedy and the control group (20 in each group). We measured that number of times that the subject had taken the remedy before entering the operating room, blood pressure and heart rate when the subject arrived in the operating room, and levels of anxiety & tension using A-VAS (Visual Analog Scale) the day before the operation and after entering the operating room. No significant statistical difference was found although the heart rate showed a tendency to decrease amongst subjects who took Rescue Remedy in comparison with the control group. The frequency of intake of Rescue Remedy decreased significantly in the group of subjects who took Rescue Remedy compared to the control group. We demonstrated that Rescue Remedy can alleviate anxiety and tension prior to operations, so that Rescue Remedy is considered to have potential as a premedication.
Keywords:anxiety, premedication, complementary, alternative, medicine

<Workshop> Spiritual Movement Focusing on Love and Light#2
-With Measurement of Mood Change by TDMS (Two-dimensional Mood Scale)
Manami OZAKI
Transpersonal experience, or being our own self to unite with the authentic non-local consciousness (Being Authentic), and peak experiences etc. often take place with awareness through the body. The objectives of the workshop are to relax, to soften the body and mind, and to focus on our true selves and our transpersonal selves, or in other words, our souls. I will use breathing techniques, image tasks and movements from psychosynthesis, focusing, transcendent meditation, Yoga, Expressive art therapy etc. I hope the participants will be able to experience the feeling of oneness in love and light. Uniting with light in the spiritual field will be possible by embracing one's shadow not by rejecting or neglecting it. First, each participant will try to recognize his/her own shadow and express it, supported by the other participants. Next, participants will focus on light, truth, beauty, love and joy within and everywhere with the help of aromas, music, and flowers. In order to prevent a spiritual emergency, I will give a short lecture about healthy spirituality before any movement. After the experience participants will have time for sharing and debriefing. Participants should wear loose fitting, comfortable clothing for the workshop. To measure the effect of the dance movements, I will administer the 2-dimensional mood scale (TDMS) which has 2 axes, awareness and pleasures. The data will be collected anonymously, statistically analyzed, and presented at the next ISLIS symposium.
Keywords:Spirituality, Transpersonal, Light, Love, Dance, Self-realization, Shadow, Isadora Duncan, Two-dimensional Mood Scale



Last Modified: September 4, 2006